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dc.contributor.authorΣωζοπούλου, Μαρία Ι.el
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dc.titleΟι έννοιες της πολιτικής και του πολιτικού στην Πολιτεία και στον Πολιτικό του Πλάτωναel
dc.titleThe concepts of politics and politician in Plato's Republic and Politicsen
heal.type.enMaster thesisen
heal.type.elΜεταπτυχιακή εργασίαel
heal.classificationΠλάτων, 429 π.Χ.-347 π.Χ.-
heal.recordProviderΠανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Φιλοσοφίας, Παιδαγωγικής και Ψυχολογίαςel
heal.bibliographicCitationΒιβλιογραφία : σ. 108-135el
heal.abstractThe present M.A. Dissertation consists of Preface, Introduction, General Conclusions, Bibliography, Summary in English and a Curriculum Vitae. The first Chapter entitled “Plato’s Political Radicalism in the Republic” includes “Introductory Remarks” and two subchapters. The first subchapter bears the title “The Predominance of Justice as a Fundamental Aim of the Political Science” and the second the title “The Politician as a Philosopher and the Guardian Art”. In the beginning of this chapter is attempted an analysis of the concept of justice in the way Plato conceives it, in order to make comprehensible the reasons why justice constitutes the foundation for the realization of the right constitution and why the basic aim of the politician and of the political science is, according to Plato, the predominance of justice into the city as well as into the soul. There is also a short reference to the common views, as far as justice is concerned, which were prevailing in Plato’s era and to which Plato was opposed because, as he believed, it would be impossible to construct on their basis the ideal state that he had visualized. Additionally, there is an effort to present the traits and virtues of the philosopher-king, who, in Plato’s conception, embodies the ideal figure of the politician and represents the upmost standard of perfection of the human nature. Special emphasis is laid also on veracity, as an element of the philosopher-king’s character, and on his capability of using lies “for the benefit of the city” as well as on the questions that arise from the coexistence of truth and lie in his ethos and on the inconsistency that this coexistence implies. Moreover, this chapter refers to the significance of the knowledge of the idea of the good in practice, since it renders the philosopher able to take the reins of government and to exercise the real political science, which is also called guardian art, and is identical with the science of “good judgment’’. In addition, this chapter presents the philosopher-king’s priorities and aims, his selflessness, his struggles against privatization and most notably his firm concern so as not to be infringed the principle “that all should ‘do their own’ and stick to what is appropriate for them’’. Finally, I examine the philosopher-king’s role as the supreme minister of education and as the painter of cities, in order to show why he is presented by Plato as the savior and the trustee of the city. The second Chapter, which bears the title “Plato’s Realistic Political Thought in the Politicus”, consists also of Introductory Remarks and two subchapters. The first one is entitled “The Paradigm of the Weaving Art and the Politics” and the second one “The Politician as a Royal Weaver”. In this chapter I argue that the experiences Plato gained from his second and third trip to Sicily as well as from his current political reality were of paramount importance for the development and the more realistic spirit of his political philosophy in the Politicus. Initially, there is a reference to the philosophical method that is implemented in this dialogue, which is the method of dichotomous division and its practical significance is also stressed. Furthermore, the first definition of the political art and of the politician is examined. However, this definition is deemed as insufficient by the Eleatic Stranger, the most central person of this dialogue, and with the help of the myth of Kronos’ kingship and of the reversal of the world the inaccuracies of the definition come to light. There is additionally an extensive presentation of this particular myth, from which one could come to the conclusion that the political art and the political man must be quested in a society whithin which there is desorder and for whose arrangement is required the creation of a distinctive sector of authority. This kind of society makes its appearance in the cosmic period, during which the universe is detached from Kronos’ custody and supervision, changes its route and moves free; that is during the period we are now running. It is further supported that Plato, by introducing this myth, desires to underline that absolutism, during our cosmic era, is impossible to exist, that the masterful power can be exercised only by god and not by humans and that the political art is the privilege of the people of the cosmic period we are now running. Moreover, there is a detailed reference to the second definition concerning the politics and the politician and to the conclusions that are drawn from it, as well as to the paradigm of the weaving art, which is raised by Plato so as to make comprehensible in what exactly consists the task of the statecraft and of the statesman. Moreover, are examined a) the link between politics and the ontological concept of the due measure, b) Plato’s view that the politician-scientist is above the law and c) the central position of this dialogue, according to which the politician with the help of his art is obliged to interweave the courageous and the moderate people, that is to interweave people with a different character in order to create harmony within the bosom of the political community. The Dissertation is completed with General Conclusions and the Bibliography that was used.en
heal.advisorNameΣολωμού-Παπανικολάου, Βασιλικήel
heal.committeeMemberNameΣολωμού-Παπανικολάου, Βασιλικήel
heal.committeeMemberNameΔημητρίου, Στέφανοςel
heal.committeeMemberNameΚαραμπατζάκη, Ελένηel
heal.academicPublisherΠανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Φιλοσοφίας, Παιδαγωγικής και Ψυχολογίαςel
heal.numberOfPages141 σ.-
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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