Microbiological, chemical and sensory assessment of iced whole and filleted aquacultured rainbow trout (Journal article)
Chytiri, S./ Chouliara, I./ Savvaidis, I. N./ Kontominas, M. G.
The effect of filleting on microbiological, chemical, and sensory properties of aquacultured freshwater trout (Onchorynchus mykiss) stored in ice was studied. Pseudomonads, H(2)S-producing bacteria (including Shewanella putrefaciens) and Brochothrix thermosphacta were the dominant bacteria while, Enterobacteriaceae in lower counts were also found in the spoilage microflora of whole ungutted and filleted trout over an 18-day storage period in ice. Bacterial counts of whole ungutted trout were always lower than those obtained for filleted trout samples. Mesophilic counts for filleted and ungutted fish exceeded 7 log cfu/cm(2) after 10 and 18 days of ice storage, respectively. Of the chemical indicators of spoilage, trimethylamine (TMA) values of ungutted trout increased very slowly whereas for filleted samples higher values were obtained reaching a final value of 4.29 and 6.38 mg N/100 g, respectively (day 18). Total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) values showed no significant increase for whole ungutted trout during storage reaching a value of 20.16 mg N/100 g (day 18) whereas for filleted fish a respective value of 26.06 mg N/100 g was recorded. Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) values or ungutted trout increased very slowly whereas for filleted samples higher values were obtained reaching a final value of 16.21 and 19.41 mug MA/g, respectively (day 18). Of the chemical indices used, none proved useful means of monitoring early freshness for ungutted and filleted trout freshness in ice. Sensory assessment using the EC freshness scale gave a grade E for up to 6 days for the ungutted trout, a grade A for a further 3 days and a grade B for an additional 6 days, after which trout was graded as C (unfit). Acceptability scores for odor, taste and texture of cooked ungutted and filleted trout decreased with time of storage. Results of this study indicated that the shelf-life of whole ungutted and filleted trout stored in ice as determined by sensorial and microbiological data is 15-16 and 10-12 days, respectively. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Institution and School/Department of submitter:||Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας|
|Keywords:||trout shelf-life,ice storage,quality assessment,bream sparus-aurata,fresh-water fish,shelf-life,microbial-flora,modified atmosphere,shewanella-putrefaciens,oncorhynchus-mykiss,selective medium,sea,spoilage|
|Link:||<Go to ISI>://000189328500005|
|Appears in Collections:||Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)|
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