Passions as motives to action in Hume's moral theory (Master thesis)

Σέλλη, Χριστίνα

The present study attempts to reconstruct some of Hume's key positions with regard to the passions: their arousal and their functioning as motives to action. Hume's theory of the passions is the necessary link between his theory of knowledge and his moral theory; its particularity lies in the “experimental” method he chooses to implement. The first chapter discusses the nature of the passions and their classification, as well as the main explanatory principle offered by the philosopher on the arousal of the indirect passions, i.e. the double association of ideas and impressions. It also analyzes the construction of the idea of the self as the object of pride and humility. The second chapter refers to the causes of the abovementioned passions with respect to the values of historical society, the transformation of these passions into elements of social identity, and further their relation to virtue and vice. In the third chapter the twofold of love and hatred, both indirect passions, along with derivative passions, such as compassion, envy, respect and contempt, are elaborated in accordance with sympathy and comparison. Furthermore, their association with pride and humility, their causes and their particular meanings are examined, and moreover their relation to moral sentiments, which are considered to be calm, impartial forms of love and hatred. Finally, the fourth chapter explores the concept of will and necessity, as constant conjunction between motives –i.e. passions and dispositions of character- and actions. It also examines the role of calm passions and in all the connection between passions and morality. In his theory of the passions Hume completes his criticism to the rationalist model and attempts to found morality on passions and dispositions of human nature.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Φιλοσοφίας, Παιδαγωγικής και Ψυχολογίας
Subject classification: Κίνητρα
Keywords: Πάθη,Κίνητρα,Θέληση,Ηθικότητα,Passions,Motives,Will,Morality
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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