From "moral sense" to "sympathy" (Master thesis)

Χατζηδάκη, Αργυρώ

The sense of sympathy is a notion that Hume uses in his moral philosophy and means the transfer of sentiments from one person to another. The sense of sympathy develops in moral philosophy of Hume and owns crucial position either to the self, to other people, to the formulation of moral judgment and the sense of justice. Sympathy is a multidimensional notion that embraces the moral system of Hume and establishes the notion of communication between people and that founds a criterion of sociability. The notion of the moral sense of Hutcheson is absent in the moral philosophy of Hume, it claims however the natural origin of the moral sentiment. Hume borrows from Hutcheson all his basic notions omitting however the notion of the benevolent God. The moral sense and benevolence, that are prevalent in the philosophy of Hutcheson, are converted into sympathy in Hume. Hutcheson discovers in the notion of benevolence the participation in the happiness or the misery of the other person, a sentiment that Hume attributes in the notion of sympathy. The moral philosophy of Hutcheson and the moral philosophy of Hume have stoic influences and interpret universal harmony as desideratum of their moral philosophy.
Alternative title / Subtitle: συνέχεια και τομές στην αισθηματοκρατική ηθική των Hutcheson και Hume
continuity and incisions in the sentimentalist moral theory of Hutcheson and Hume
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Φιλοσοφίας Παιδαγωγικής και Ψυχολογίας
Subject classification: Συμπάθεια
Keywords: Συμπάθεια,Ηθική αίσθηση,Ευμένεια,Ηθική κρίση,Sympathy,Moral sense,Benevolence,Moral judgment
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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