Εxperimental study a comparison of analgesic effect in a rat model of acute pain treated with either paracetamol or mophine (Master thesis)

Ρουμελιώτη, Χαρίκλεια


Pain may have somatic and behavior effects. Antinociceptive action may be promoted with analgesics, acting centrally and peripherally. This experimental animal study was conducted to compare the analgesic activity of morphine versus paracetamol in the hot-plate test in animal model with rats. Morphine is an opioid analgesic with central and peripheral action. Paracetamol’s mechanism of action is still unknown. Twenty- four male Winster mice were divided in three groups, the first group (n=8) was the control (2 ml normal saline was injected intraperitoneally), the second group (n=8) was the morphine (10 mg/kg of morphine was injected intraperitoneally) and the third group(n=8) of paracetamol (200mg/kg of paracetamol was injected intraperitoneally). At 30 minutes interval and 60 minutes interval after the administration of the drugs, the animals were put on Hot-plate. Paw-lick test or bounce were used to determine pain threshold. Measurement were made at 30 minutes and at 60 minutes after the administration of the drug. All the animals were sacrificed after the experiment. Morphine antinociceptive action did not have statistical significant difference with that of paracetamol at 60 minutes (P 0.927>0.05) but it had increased pain threshold at 30 minutes (P 0.021<0.05). Morphine had statistical significant antinociceptive action at 30 (P 0.003<0.05) and 60 (P 0.009<0.05) minutes. Paracetamol had statistical significant antinocipeptive difference in 60 (P 0.011<0.05) minutes but not at 30 (P 0.316>0.05) minutes. Median of difference of measurements for paracetamol time 30 min and time 60 min was significant different (P=0.027<0.05). Paracetamol displayed an antinociceptive activity as efficacious as morphine at dose 200 mg/kg, comparable with that of 10mg/kg morphine at 60 minutes.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Subject classification: Πόνος
Αναλγητικά φάρμακα
Keywords: Πόνος,Μορφίνη,Παρακεταμόλη,Πειραματική μελέτη,Pain,Morphine,Paracetamol,experimental study
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/27822
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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