Interferon-gamma release assay clarifies the effect of bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccination in Greek army recruits (Journal article)

Katsenos, S./ Nikolopoulou, M./ Konstantinidis, A. K./ Gartzonika, C./ Gogali, A./ Margelis, I./ Tatsioni, A./ Mavridis, A./ Constantopoulos, S. H./ Daskalopoulos, G.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the most recent commercial interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA), the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT), with the tuberculin skin test (TST) in Greek army recruits who were bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccinated during childhood and had no history of tuberculosis (TB) exposure. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional comparison study of 1750 young army recruits. TST was performed on all participants, while QFT-GIT was performed in all subjects with TST > 0 mm and in 18 TST-negative controls (TST = 0 mm). RESULTS: Among the study subjects, 5.4% (96/1750) had TST indurations of >or=10 mm, and 3.4% (59/1750) had indurations of >or=15 mm. Among subjects with a positive TST, 11.4% (11/96) tested positive on QFT-GIT. All those with QFT-GIT positivity had TST indurations of >or=15 mm, and none of those with TST indurations of 10-14 mm were positive by QFT-GIT. The overall agreement between TST and QFT-GIT was poor (kappa = 0.02). CONCLUSION: We found a significant discordance between TST and QFT-GIT in BCG-vaccinated Greek army recruits consistent with previous studies showing that BCG received after infancy produces false-positive TST reactions. Our findings underline the need for a two-step approach in diagnosing latent TB infection in all BCG-vaccinated individuals: initial TST screening, followed by an IGRA to confirm TST positivity.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Adjuvants, Immunologic/administration & dosage,Adolescent,Adult,BCG Vaccine/*administration & dosage,Cross-Sectional Studies,Female,Greece,Humans,Interferon-gamma/*diagnostic use,Male,Military Personnel,Tuberculin Test/*methods,Tuberculosis/*diagnosis/immunology,Young Adult
ISSN: 1815-7920
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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