Effects of a low-calorie diet associated with weight loss on lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) activity in healthy obese women (Journal article)

Tzotzas, T./ Filippatos, T. D./ Triantos, A./ Bruckert, E./ Tselepis, A. D./ Kiortsis, D. N.

Introduction: Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH or Lp-PLA(2)) is a Ca2+-independent phospholipase A(2) primarily associated in plasma with low density lipoproteins (LDL), especially with small dense LDL (sdLDL) particles. Increased plasma Lp-PLA(2) levels have been associated with increased cardiovascular risk in large clinical trials. Aim: To assess the effects of weight loss on Lp-PLA(2) activity and to examine the association of Lp-PLA(2) activity changes with the alterations of sdLDL, the primary carrier of Lp-PLA(2) in plasma. Methods: Twenty-eight obese, non-diabetic women participated in a weight reduction program. Anthropometric parameters were assessed and parameters of glucose metabolism, lipid profile, Lp-PLA(2) activity, and LDL phenotype (using a 3% polyacrylamide get-tube etectrophoresis method), were determined at baseline and after 4 months of weight loss. Results: A 10% diet-induced weight toss resulted in significant improvement in most parameters of lipid and glucose metabolism. Moreover, Lp-PLA(2) activity was significantly reduced (-10.2%, p < 0.01). Mean LDL particle diameter did not change after the weight toss program. The cholesterol levels of very tow-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and large-buoyant LDL particles were significantly reduced, but neither the cholesterol levels of sdLDL particles nor the % proportion of the sdLDL-cholesterol over the total LDL-cholesterol were changed after the intervention program. Interestingly, the changes in Lp-PLA(2) activity were correlated with the changes of VLDL-chotesterol (r = 0.39, p < 0.05), but not with the changes of anthropometric or other lipid variables. Conclusions: A low-calorie diet associated with weight toss in obese women resulted in the significant reduction of the plasma levels of Lp-PLA(2), the potentially new predictor for incident atherosclerotic disease. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας
Keywords: lp-pla(2),weight loss,ldl phenotype,very low-density lipoprotein,small dense ldl,activating-factor-acetylhydrolase,coronary-heart-disease,c-reactive protein,middle-aged men,risk-factors,artery-disease,human plasma,insulin-resistance,dense ldl,follow-up
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/10555
ISSN: 0939-4753
Link: <Go to ISI>://000259537600004
Publisher: Elsevier
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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