Contribution of chemical changes in membrane lipids to the osmoadaptation of the halophilic bacterium Chromohalobacter salexigens (Journal article)
Vargas, C./ Kallimanis, A./ Koukkou, A. I./ Calderon, M. I./ Canovas, D./ Iglesias-Guerra, F./ Drainas, C./ Ventosa, A./ Nieto, J. J.
The long-term response of the broad-salt growing halophile Chromohalobacter salexigens DSM 3043(T) to salt stress has been investigated with respect to adaptive changes in membrane lipid composition. This study included the wildtype and three salt-sensitive, ectoine-deficient strains: CHR62 (ectA::Tn1732, unable to grow above 0.75M NaCl), CHR63 (eetC::Tn1732, unable to grow above 1.5 M NaCl), and CHR64, which was able to grow in minimal medium M63 up to 2.5 M NaCl, but its growth was slower than the wild-type strain at salinities above 1.5 M NaCl. This mutant accumulated ectoine and hydroxyectoine as major compatible solutes, but also the ectoine precursor, N-gamma-acetyldiaminobutyric acid, and was found to be affected in the ectoine synthase gene ectC. The main phospholipids of the wild-type strain were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and cardiolipin (CL). Major fatty acids were detected as 16:0, 18:1, and 16:1, including significant amounts of cyc-19:0, and cyc-17:0. CL and cyclopropane fatty acids (CFA) levels were elevated when the wild-type strain was grown at high salinity (2.5 M NaCl). Membranes of the most salt-sensitive trains CHR62 and CHR63, but not of the less salt-sensitive strain CHR64, contained lower levels of CL. The proportion of cyc-19:0 in CHR64 was three-fold (at 2.0 M NaCl) and 2.5-fold (at 2.5 M NaCl) lower than that of the wild type, suggesting that this mutant has a limited capacity to incorporate CFA into phospholipids at high salt. The addition of 1 mM ectoine to cultures of the wild-type strain increased the ratio PG/ CL from 1.8 to 3.3 at 0.75 M NaCl, and from 1 to 6.5 at 2.5 M NaCl, and led to a slight decrease in CFA content. Addition of 1 mM ectoine to the mutants restored the steady-state levels of CL and CFA found in the wild-type strain supplemented with ectoine. These findings suggest that exogenous ectoine might attenuate the osmostress response involving changes in membrane lipids. (c) 2005 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
|Institution and School/Department of submitter:||Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας|
|Keywords:||osmoadaptation,chromohalobacter salexigens,membrane lipids,ectoine,fatty-acid-composition,compatible solute ectoine,halomonas-elongata,salt concentration,escherichia-coli,pseudomonas-halosaccharolytica,growth temperature,biosynthesis,stress,tolerance|
|Link:||<Go to ISI>://000231799700001|
|Appears in Collections:||Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)|
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