Λοιμώξεις σε καρδιοχειρουργικούς ασθενείς (Doctoral thesis)

Λώλα, Ιωάννα


Background: Nosocomial infections after cardiac surgery represent serious complications associated with substantial morbidity, mortality and economic burden. This study was undertaken to evaluate the frequency, characteristics, and risk factors of microbiologically documented nosocomial infections after cardiac surgery in a Cardio-Vascular Intensive Care Unit (CVICU). Methods: All patients who underwent open heart surgery between May 2006 and March 2008 were enrolled in this prospective study. Pre-, intra- and postoperative variables were collected and examined as possible risk factors for development of nosocomial infections. The diagnosis of infection was always microbiologically confirmed. Results: Infection occurred in 24 of 172 patients (13.95%). Out of 172 patients, 8 patients (4.65%) had superficial wound infection at the sternotomy site, 5 patients (2.9%) had central venous catheter infection, 4 patients (2.32%) had pneumonia, 9 patients (5.23%) had bacteremia, one patient (0.58%) had mediastinitis, one (0.58%) had harvest surgical site infection, one (0.58%) had urinary tract infection, and another one patient (0.58%) had other major infection. The mortality rate was 25% among the patients with infection and 3.48% among all patients who underwent cardiac surgery compared with 5.4% of patients who did not develop early postoperative infection after cardiac surgery. Culture results demonstrated equal frequencies of gram-positive cocci and gram-negative bacteria. A backward stepwise multivariable logistic regression model analysis identified diabetes mellitus (OR 5.92, CI 1.56 to 22.42, p=0.009), duration of mechanical ventilation (OR 1.30, CI 1.005 to 1.69, p=0.046), development of severe complications in the CICU (OR 18.66, CI 3.36 to 103.61, p=0.001) and re-admission to the CVICU (OR 8.59, CI 2.02 to 36.45, p=0.004) as independent risk factors associated with development of nosocomial infection after cardiac surgery. Conclusions: We concluded that diabetes mellitus, the duration of mechanical ventilation, the presence of complications irrelevant to the infection during CVICU stay and CVICU re-admission are independent risk factors for the development of postoperative infection in cardiac surgery patients.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων Σχολή Ιατρικής Τμήμα Ιατρικής Τομέας Λειτουργικός - Κλινικοεργαστηριακός Εργαστήριο Μικροβιολογίας
Subject classification: Αορτοστεφανιαία παράκαμψη
Λοιμώξεις μετά από καρδιοχειρουργικές επεμβάσεις
Καρδιοχειρουργική ΜΕΘ
Keywords: Αορτοστεφανιαία παράκαμψη,Καρδιοχειρουργική επέμβαση,Επέμβαση ανοιχτής καρδιάς,Μικροβιακή χλωρίδα σε ΜΕΘ,Καρδιοχειρουργική ΜΕΘ,Λοιμώξεις μετά από καρδιοχειρουργικές επεμβάσεις,Λοιμώξεις σε ΜΕΘ
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/989
Link: http://thesis.ekt.gr/thesisBookReader/id/26876#page/1/mode/2u
Appears in Collections:Διδακτορικές Διατριβές

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