Worldwide occurrence and effects of antifouling paint booster biocides in the aquatic environment: a review (Journal article)

Konstantinou, I. K./ Albanis, T. A.


Organic booster biocides were recently introduced as alternatives to organotin compounds in antifouling products, after restrictions imposed on the use of tributyltin (TBT) in 1987. Replacement products are generally based on copper metal oxides and organic biocides. This ban has led to an increase in alternative coating products containing the above biocides. The most commonly used biocides in antifouling paints are: Irgarol 1051, diuron, Sea-nine 211, dichlofluanid, chlorothalonil, zinc pyrithione, TCMS (2,3,3,6-tetrachloro-4-methylsulfonyl) pyridine, TCMTB [2-(thiocyanomethylthio) benzothiazole], and zineb. Since 1993, several studies have demonstrated the presence of these biocides in European coastal environment as a result of their increased use. More recently, the presence of these biocides was also revealed in waters from Japan, United States, Singapore, Australia and Bermuda. This paper reviews the currently available data on the occurrence of these biocides in the aquatic environment. Some data dealing with the environmental fate, partitioning, behaviour and risk assessment of antifouling paint booster biocides are also reported in order to discuss the detected levels of contamination. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας
Keywords: antifouling biocides,occurrence,effects,aquatic environment,compound irgarol 1051,solid-phase extraction,performance liquid-chromatography,ionization mass-spectrometry,marina water samples,coastal waters,gas-chromatography,chemical-ionization,agent irgarol-1051,seasonal distribution
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/9862
ISSN: 0160-4120
Item type: journalArticle
Link: <Go to ISI>://000220204900012
http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0160412003001764/1-s2.0-S0160412003001764-main.pdf?_tid=be3975b48c9ca45e92c605e74cf938a1&acdnat=1333023177_6754ecc98e960e08de9442578fee94b8
Item language: en
Item access scheme: campus
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας
Publication date: 2004
Abstract: Organic booster biocides were recently introduced as alternatives to organotin compounds in antifouling products, after restrictions imposed on the use of tributyltin (TBT) in 1987. Replacement products are generally based on copper metal oxides and organic biocides. This ban has led to an increase in alternative coating products containing the above biocides. The most commonly used biocides in antifouling paints are: Irgarol 1051, diuron, Sea-nine 211, dichlofluanid, chlorothalonil, zinc pyrithione, TCMS (2,3,3,6-tetrachloro-4-methylsulfonyl) pyridine, TCMTB [2-(thiocyanomethylthio) benzothiazole], and zineb. Since 1993, several studies have demonstrated the presence of these biocides in European coastal environment as a result of their increased use. More recently, the presence of these biocides was also revealed in waters from Japan, United States, Singapore, Australia and Bermuda. This paper reviews the currently available data on the occurrence of these biocides in the aquatic environment. Some data dealing with the environmental fate, partitioning, behaviour and risk assessment of antifouling paint booster biocides are also reported in order to discuss the detected levels of contamination. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Journal name: Environment International
Journal type: peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Konstantinou-2004-Worldwide occurrence.pdf246.81 kBAdobe PDFView/Open    Request a copy



 Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/9862
  This item is a favorite for 0 people.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.