Study of antibody and T cell responses in rabbits immunized with synthetic human B cell epitope analogues of La (SSB) autoantigen (Journal article)

Yiannaki, E./ Vlachoyiannopoulos, P. G./ Manoussakis, M. N./ Sakarellos, C./ Sakarellos-Daitsiotis, M./ Moutsopoulos, H. M./ Tzioufas, A. G.

The aim of this study was to investigate the immunogenicity of four synthetic peptides, representing linear B cell epitopes of the human La/SSB autoantigen: 145-164 aa (p1), 289-308 aa (p2), 301-318 aa (p3) and 349-364 aa (p4), in rabbits. New Zealand White rabbits were immunized with each of the above peptides attached in four copies on tetrameric sequential oligopeptide carriers (SOC) in duplicate. Control immunizations were also performed (one rabbit each, immunized with Freud's complete adjuvant alone or with the SOC carrier alone). Animals were bled at regular intervals and sera were analysed for anti-La/SSB activity by ELISA assays using as antigen the various synthetic peptides, as well as the whole La/SSB protein. Four months after the last immunization, the animals were killed and peripheral blood mononuclear and spleen cells were co-cultured with either the peptides, the SOC carrier, or 27 peptides, covering the entire length of the human La/SSB molecule (23 amino acids long, overlapping by eight residues to each other). A specific, IgG, anti-peptide antibody response was detected, initially directed against the priming peptide, and subsequently expanded to the other La/SSB synthetic peptides. The antibody titres remained high, even 4 months after the last immunization. Sera from rabbits immunized with either p2 or p3 reacted also with the whole La/SSB protein, as was demonstrated by ELISA and immunoblot assays. No reactivities against either Ro60 or Ro52 autoantigen were found. Rabbit spleen cell reacted not only with the epitope used for the immunization but also with other La/SSB peptides. Immunization of rabbits with the major human La/SSB B cell antigenic determinants, linked to SOC carrier, induces strong and sustained antibody and T cell responses against multiple epitopes of the human La/SSB protein. Thus, La/SSB B cell linear epitopes are probably capable also of functioning as T cell epitopes, in this experimental animal.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας
Keywords: sjogren's syndrome,la/ssb,b cell epitopes,t cell epitopes,autoimmunity,systemic lupus-erythematosus,oligopeptide carriers socn,antigenic peptides,fine specificity,autoimmunity,determinants,autoantibodies,induction,design,la/ssb
ISSN: 0009-9104
Link: <Go to ISI>://000088883900021
Publisher: Blackwell
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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