Small dense LDL cholesterol and apolipoproteins C-II and C-III in non-diabetic obese subjects with metabolic syndrome (Journal article)

Filippatos, T. D./ Tsimihodimos, V./ Kostapanos, M./ Kostara, C./ Balraktari, E. T./ Kiortsis, D. N./ Tselepis, A. D./ Elisaf, M. S.

Introduction: Apolipoprotein (apo) C-II is considered as an important activator of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and is required for efficient lipolysis of triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins. In contrast, excess apo C-II inhibits LPL-mediated hydrolysis of TGs. Apo C-III is an inhibitor of LPL activity. These effects may influence the plasma levels of atherogenic small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C), since TG concentrations are markers of this subfraction. Material and methods: We examined the possible influence of apo C-II and C-III plasma levels or sdLDL-C concentration in obese patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Plasma apo C-II and C-III were determined by an immunoturbidimetric assay. Obese subjects (n=73) with MetS but without any clinically evident cardiovascular disease were enrolled. Results: TG, apo C-II and C-III plasma levels progressively increased when study participants were divided according to sdLDL-C tertiles (P < 0.001 for all 3 trends). The apo C-III/C-II ratio was relatively constant (i.e. approximate to 2.5) for all tertiles of SdLDL-C. Stepwise multiple linear regression analyses showed that apo C-III levels independently correlated with TG levels, while TG and apo B levels were independently associated with sdLDL-C concentrations. Apo C-II and C-III significantly correlated with sdLDL-C in univariate analysis, but not in multivariate analysis. Conclusions: Apo C-II and C-III levels are not independent predictors of sdLDL-C levels in obese subjects with MetS.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας
Keywords: metabolic syndrome,apolipoprotein c-ii,apolipoprotein c-iii,small dense ldl,triglycerides,obesity,coronary-heart-disease,lipoprotein-lipase,a-i,triglyceride levels,endothelial-cells,apoc-iii,hypertriglyceridemic subjects,micronized fenofibrate,cardiovascular risk,phospholipase a(2)
ISSN: 1734-1922
Link: <Go to ISI>://000262198500009
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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