Shelf-life extension of refrigerated Mediterranean mullet (Mullus surmuletus) using modified atmosphere packaging (Journal article)

Pournis, N./ Papavergou, A./ Badeka, A./ Kontominas, M. G./ Savvaidis, I. N.

The present work evaluated the quality and freshness characteristics and the effect of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on the shelf-life extension of refrigerated Mediterranean mullet using microbiological, biochemical, and sensory analyses. Fresh open sea red mullet (Mullus surmuletus) were packaged in four different atmospheres: M1, 10%/20%/70% (O(2)/CO(2)/N(2)); M2, 10%/40%/50% (O(2)/CO(2)/N(2)); M3, 10%/60%/30% (O(2)/CO(2)/N(2)); identical fish samples were packaged in air. All fish were kept under refrigeration (4 +/- 0.5 degrees C) for 14 days. Of the three gas atmospheres, the 10%/40%/50% (M2) and 10%/60%/30% (M3) gas mixtures were the most effective for inhibiting growth of aerobic microflora in mullet samples until day 10 of refrigerated storage. H(2)S-producing bacteria and pseudomonads were part of the mullet microflora. and their growth was partly inhibited under MAP conditions. Between these two bacterial groups, H2S-producing bacteria (including Shewanella putrefaciens) were dominant toward the end of the storage period, regardless of the packaging conditions. Brochothrix thermosphacta and lactic acid bacteria were found to be members of the final microbial flora of MAP and air-packaged mullet, whereas the Enterobacteriaceae population was lower than other bacterial groups. Of the chemical freshness indices determined, thiobarbituric acid values were variable in mullet samples irrespective of packaging conditions indicative of no specific oxidative rancidity trend. Based on sensorial data and aerobic plate count, trimethylamine nitrogen and total volatile basic nitrogen limit values in the range of ca. 15 to 23 and 52 to 60 mg N/100 g of fish muscle were obtained, respectively, for mullet packaged under modified atmosphere and air. Sensory analyses (odor and taste attributes) showed that the limit of sensorial acceptability was reached after ca. 6 days for the samples packaged in air, 8 days for the M1 and M3 samples, and after 10 days for the M2 samples. Respective shelf-life extension for fresh whole mullet was ca. 2 days (M1 and M3 gas mixtures), and 4 days (M2 gas mixture).
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας
Keywords: sensory changes,selective medium,sparus-aurata,spoilage,fish,products,storage,vacuum,ice,temperature
ISSN: 0362-028X
Link: <Go to ISI>://000232409600030
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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