On the hydration state of amino acids and their derivatives at different ionization States: a comparative multinuclear NMR and crystallographic investigation (Journal article)
Pappas, C. G./ Tzakos, A. G./ Gerothanassis, I. P.
(2)D, (13)C, (14)N, and (17)O NMR and crystallographic data from the literature were critically evaluated in order to provide a coherent hydration model of amino acids and selected derivatives at different ionization states. (17)O shielding variations, longitudinal relaxation times (T(1)) of (2)D and (13)C and line widths (Deltanu(1/2)) of (14)N and (17)O, may be interpreted with the hypothesis that the cationic form of amino acids is more hydrated by 1 to 3 molecules of water than the zwitterionic form. Similar behaviour was also observed for N-acetylated derivatives of amino acids. An exhaustive search in crystal structure databases demonstrates the importance of six-membered hydrogen-bonded conjugated rings of both oxygens of the alpha-carboxylate group with a molecule of water in the vicinity. This type of hydrogen bond mode is absent in the case of the carboxylic groups. Moreover, a considerable number of structures was identified with the propensity to form intramolecular hydrogen bond both in the carboxylic acid (NHcdots, three dots, centeredO=C) and in the carboxylate (NH cdots, three dots, centered O(-)) ionization state. In the presence of bound molecules of water this interaction is significantly reduced in the case of the carboxylate group whereas it is statistically negligible in the carboxylic group.
|Institution and School/Department of submitter:||Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας|
|Publisher:||Hindawi Publishing Corporation|
|Appears in Collections:||Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)|
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|Pappas-2012-On the hydration sta.pdf||6.25 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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