Migration levels of PVC plasticisers: Effect of ionising radiation treatment (Journal article)

Zygoura, P. D./ Paleologos, E. K./ Kontominas, M. G.

Migration levels of commercial plasticisers [di-(2-ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA) and acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC)] from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film into the EU specified aqueous food simulants (distilled water, 3% w/v acetic acid and 10% v/v ethanol) were monitored as a function of time. Migration testing was carried out at 40 C for 10 days (EEC, 1993). Determination of the analytes was performed by applying the analytical methodology based on surfactant (Triton X-114) mediated extraction prior to gas chromatographic-flame ionisation detection (GC-FID) recently proposed by our group. The study focuses on the determination of the effect of gamma radiation on plasticiser migration into the selected simulants. PVC cling film used was subjected to ionising treatment with a [(60)Co] source at doses equal to 5, 15 and 25 kGy. DEHA and ATBC migration into the EU aqueous simulating solvents was limited, yielding final concentrations in the respective ranges 10-100 mu g/l and 171-422 mu g/l; hence, ATBC demonstrated a stronger interaction with all three simulants compared to DENA. Migration data, with respect to ATBC, showed that the most aggressive simulant seemed to be the 10% ethanol, while in the case of DEHA the 3% aqueous acetic acid exhibited the highest extraction efficiency; distilled water demonstrated the lowest migration in both cases. With regard to PVC treatment with gamma rays, high radiation doses up to 25 kGy produced a statistically significant (p < 0.05) effect on the migration of both plasticisers. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας
Keywords: pvc,di-(2-ethylhexyl) adipate,acetyl tributyl citrate,migration,aqueous food simulants,gamma radiation,cloud point extraction,gas chromatography,cloud-point extraction,food-packaging materials,chromatography-mass-spectrometry,assisted back-extraction,polyvinyl-chloride film,gas-chromatography,liquid-chromatography,preconcentration step,anionic surfactants,organic-compounds
URI: https://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/8472
ISSN: 0308-8146
Link: <Go to ISI>://000290424600016
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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