Influence of environmental parameters on growth pattern and population structure of Carassius auratus gibelio in Eastern Ukraine (Journal article)

Liasko, R./ Koulish, A./ Pogrebniak, A./ Papiggioti, O./ Taranenko, L./ Leonardos, I.

Population structure and growth parameters of Prussian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) were studied in 12 freshwater ecosystems of the Donbass region (Eastern Ukraine). These ecosystems differed significantly with respect to their surface area, water transparency and annual concentrations of phosphorus and nitrogen. Amongst the studied ecosystems, diploid males and females as well as a smaller percentage of triploid females were found. The population structure of C. a. gibelio varied significantly in terms of the percentage of triploids and sex ratio amongst diploids. A considerable proportion of triploid females (> 10%) was found in four ecosystems with intermediate surface area (38-50 ha) and relatively high growth rate of specimens. The sex ratio amongst diploids was significantly female-biased in seven of 12 ecosystems, including those where triploids were present in considerable numbers. The growth parameters of Prussian carp were significantly correlated with ecosystem characteristics, but the growth patterns of diploids and triploids were not significantly different from each other. The restricted distribution of triploid specimens suggests that the triploid form might counter diverse environmental challenges, whereas the diploid form of Prussian carp seems to be efficiently adapted to a wide range of ecosystem conditions.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών και Τεχνολογιών. Τμήμα Βιολογικών Εφαρμογών και Τεχνολογιών
Keywords: gynogenesis,ploidy level,growth,trophic state,distribution pattern,silver crucian carp,teleost poecilia-formosa,sex-ratio,gynogenetic fish,natural-populations,ploidy levels,sperm,bloch,evolution,hybrid
ISSN: 0018-8158
Link: <Go to ISI>://000284598200026
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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