Studies on the enzymatic synthesis of lipophilic derivatives of natural antioxidants (Journal article)

Stamatis, H./ Sereti, V./ Kolisis, F.

The esterification of some natural antioxidants such as cinnamic acid derivatives and ascorbic acid in non-aqueous media, catalyzed by immobilized lipases from Candida antarctica and Rhizomucor miehei , was investigated. The alcohol chain length affected the rate of esterification of cinnamic acids by both lipases. Higher reaction rates were observed when the esterification was carried out with medium- or long-chain alcohols. The rate also depended on aromatic acid structure. The reactivity of the carboxylic function of the cinnamic acids was affected by electron-donating substituents in the aromatic ring. Higher yields were observed for the esterification of p -hydroxyphenylacetic acid (97%) catalyzed by C. antarctica lipase and for the esterification of cinnamic acid (59%) catalyzed by R. miehei lipase. Candida antarctica lipase was more suitable for producing ascorbic acid fatty esters, catalyzing with a relatively high yield (up to 65% within 24 h) the regioselective esterification of ascorbic acid with various fatty acids in 2-methyl-2-propanol. The reaction rate and yield depended on the fatty acid chain length and on the molar ratio of reactants. All ascorbic acid fatty esters produced by this procedure exhibited a significant antioxidant activity in a micellar substrate composed of linoleic acid.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών και Τεχνολογιών. Τμήμα Βιολογικών Εφαρμογών και Τεχνολογιών
Keywords: Chemistry and Materials Science
ISSN: 0003-021X
Publisher: Springer Berlin / Heidelberg
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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