Οι Φεύγοντες στον Ανδοκίδη Ι, 80 και Ι, 107 (Journal article)
The Greek verb pheugo and its participle pheugontes equal to a noun were used in the laws concerning homicide in ancient Athens. Most scholars usually translated these words respectively; «quit one’s own country as the exiled» (pheugo), «the exiled (pheugontes)». These words, however, have two other meanings: a. «become a defendant» and «the defendant, b. «to desert from one’s country in order to evade trial or execution of judgement» and «the deserter». In this respect, I would like to show that a lot of scholars made errors in translating these words, thus preventing an exact understanding of homicide laws. As an example, recently Μ. H. Hansen, founded on Andokides I, 80 and 107, thought that, in classical Athens, the atimoi is concerned to the person deprived of their citizenship, but staying in their own country. Hansen came to this conclusion, since in Andokides the atimoi are referred in contrast to the pheugontes who, according to Hansen, had been exiled and were not discovered in their homeland. In my opinion, however, the pheugontes in Andokides I, 80 and 107 do not include all the exiled by any means of lawful process or not, but mainly the persons who desert voluntarily from their own country in order to evade trial or execution of judgement. In other words, the word pheugontes does not always mean all the exiled, but sometimes means only the defendant or the deserter. Thus, even if in Andokides the atimoi are referred in contrast to the pheugontes, the atimoi cannot be regarded as those who remained in their homeland in spite of the loss of civic rights, which is in contrast to all the exiled. Rather, we cannot exclude the possibility that the atimoi also include the person who left his own country and did not remain there any more. Thus Hansen’s clear division between the pheugontes and the atimoi cannot be justified absolutely. The texts in Andokides I, 80 and 107 do not seem to support his thesis.
|Institution and School/Department of submitter:||Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας|
|Publisher:||Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας|
|Appears in Collections:||Τόμος 21 (1992)|
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