Ρόδιοι βιβλιογράφοι στη λατινοκρατούμενη Κύπρο (Journal article)

Κωνσταντινίδης, Κώστας Ν.


The island of Rhodes contributed much beyond her size in the copying and circulation of Greek books during the Middle Ages. Situated in the cross-roads between East and West was taken over by the Order of St. John or the Hospitallers, ca. 1307-10, and remained under Latin rule until 1522. During this period the relations between Rhodes and Cyprus, which was also ruled first by the French dynasty of Lusignans (1192-1489) and then by the Venetians (1489-1570/71), were very closed. At that time the Greek language continued to be spoken by the Orthodox flock both in Cyprus and Rhodes and Greek manuscripts were sponsored by monasteries, churches and individuals. Three of the scribes or sponsors of books working in Cyprus originated from Rhodes: all three were ecclesiastics. The first known scribe was the priest George of Rhodes who copied in 1204 a luxurious Gospel Lectionary for the church of St. Epiphanios near the village of Kouklia in the Paphos district (i.e. Paris. Gr. 301). Three hundred years later, between 1507-10, the monk Makarios Eukolios from Rhodes copied in Nicosia a Psalter with Canticles and Hymns, now in the monastery of St. Catherine on Mt. Sinai (i.e. Sinait. Gr. 813). In 1532 a holy priest from Rhodes, Klemes Parthenos. was invited by the monks of the monastery of St. Paraskeve in Famagusta to come to Cyprus and become their spiritual father. Soon after his arrival Klemes sponsored a luxurious Gospel Lectionary, the present Paris. Gr. 317. And though he died shortly after, the volume, copied by Stephanos Anagnostes or Lector, was completed nine months later, in July 1533, with the contribution of two other sponsors. A Provisional List of twenty-seven scribes originating from or connected with Mediaeval Rhodes is given in the Appendix. Plates from all three manuscripts discussed and the relevant colophons referred to in the article are reproduced at the end.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας
Keywords: -
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/6209
Publisher: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας
Appears in Collections:Τόμος 20 (1991)




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