Σπήλαιον αναπνοήν εχον ες την θάλασσαν: το σπηλαίο του Ευριπίδη στη Σαλαμίνα (Journal article)

Λώλος, Γιάννος Γ.

This paper, in two parts, is a presentation of the main results of the systematic excavation, conducted by a team under the direction of Y. G. Lolos in 1994-1997, at a cave (with a total length of ca. 47 m.) near the small Bay of Peristeria on the south coast of the island of Salamis in the Saronic Gulf. To judge from the numerous finds retrieved from the disturbed layers inside the cave, the place appears to have been used for various purposes in the course of five (5) different periods, i.e. in the Late Neolithic, Late Mycenaean, Classical and Roman period, and also in the period of Frankish rule of Greece. The cave at Peristeria can be safely identified with Euripides' famous den, where the poet used to retire and compose his dramas, on the basis of descriptions preserved in the texts of four ancient writers (Philochoros, Satyros, the Anonymous biographer of Euripides and Aulus Gellius, a Roman writer who visited Euripides' Cave in the 2nd century A.D.), and also on the evidence of an Attic black-glazed cup-skyphos of the late 5th century B.C., found in Chamber IV C in 1996, bearing the name of Euripides, apparently a dedication to the poet scratched upside-down on the cup in the Roman period. In that period, the cave is very likely to have emerged as a «tourist shrine», a place of worship in honour of the great tragedian. In the last section of the paper, the argument is advanced that Hippolytos, one of Euripides' best dramas (of 428 B.C.) may well have been conceived in the Cave at Peristeria, situated between landmarks of the mythical cycle of Hippolytos, below Mount Akamas and directly opposite Troizen and Methana, and with a fine view towards the Saronic sea.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Φιλοσοφική. Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας
Keywords: -
URI: https://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/6096
http://dx.doi.org/10.26268/heal.uoi.9401
Publisher: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Φιλοσοφική. Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας
Appears in Collections:Τόμος 26 (1997)



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