Χρήση εξαρτησιογόνων ουσιών σε παιδιά και νέους με προβλήματα ακοής (Doctoral thesis)
Τhe abuse of dependent substances (tobacco-alcohol-drugs) is an international problem, that influences almost all the countries of the world, so much the developed as well as the developing. The epidemiologic elements reveal increase of abuse of narcotic substances in a lot of countries and mainly in the young persons. Many factors intervene in the problem of use of dependent substances, such as the individual himself, the family, the society, the goods and the state. The genuine treatment of this problem is mainly the prevention.Consequently, it is necessary for the social role of the family to include concern so that the child acquires those forms of behaviour, the attitudes, the rules and the roles that are required so that it is included harmoniously in the social total. In addition the role of school determines the development of a young person’s personality in to responsible and social individual. Finally, it is a duty, but also an imperative need from the part of the state to armour the youngsters and avoid groups of "high danger". The first basic step for the prevention is the estimation of the extent of the problem. This will be achieved via epidemiologic researches that aim in the localisation of new tendencies and developments. This is what the particular research aimed in. Concretely, we studied the extent of use of dependent substances in a group with a lot of particularities, that is the children and the adolescents with hearing problems. That is to say, the population objective of our research was constituted by students with hearing problems that studied in Deaf-Hard of Hearing Schools or Departments of Integration in all Greece and age-related that belonged between 12-20 years. The bigger percentage of the students of our sample declares that it has close friends, it studies in Special Deaf-Hard of Hearing Schools and prefers the method of total communication. Most students declare that "sometimes" they come out (alone or with friends), they feel isolated, they feel insecurity, they get angry easily, they communicate easily with the people around them, they believe that they have the same faculties with their peers and they believe that the others like them. Also, they usually discuss their problems with their parents, their brothers and sisters and their friends. Moreover, "seldom" or "sometimes" they are isolated by the individuals of their environment, they want to leave far away from their house, they fight with their family and they discuss with their schoolteachers. Finally, they do not express aggressive behaviour in foreign property or in themselves and do not consume alcohol in stressful situations. As far as the extent of use is concerned, we realised that the average student has not smoked and has never made use of alcohol during his life, he does not intend to smoke when he grows, whereas he is not sure if he will make use of alcohol as an adult. Moreover, no child, apart from very individual cases, has tried up to now narcotic substances and all the students declared their dissatisfaction with the use of narcotic substances. We studied the factors that influence the use such as the school, the family, the friends, the personality and the economic situation of the students of our sample. We realised that the role of friends and family, the use of dependent substances by (brothers or sisters and friends) and the sex (as far as the boys are concerned), were decisive factors for the use themselves sued.
|Institution and School/Department of submitter:||Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων Σχολή Επιστημών Αγωγής Τμήμα Παιδαγωγικό Νηπιαγωγών|
|Keywords:||Εξαρτησιογόνες ουσίες, Χρήση,Κώφωση,Νέοι χρήστες,Οικογένεια,Φίλοι,Σχολικό περιβάλλον,Νοηματική γλώσσα, ελληνική,Αναπηρία,Προκαταλήψεις,Βαρηκοΐα|
|Appears in Collections:||Διδακτορικές Διατριβές|
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