The effect of allergic phinitis on quality of life in patients suffering form the disease (Doctoral thesis)

Ασημακόπουλος, Ασημάκης Δ.

Introduction: Apart from nasal symptoms allergic rhinitis was associated with ocular or other symptoms affecting social and somatic activities or sleep. In the literature, only a few prospective studies regarding allergic rhinitis and holistic consideration of quality of life were reported. Methods: The aim of this case control study was to investigate prospectively the effect of allergic rhinitis on quality of life. 103 patients (50 males and 53 females) with mean age 30.8 ± 13.4 years, range 18 - 55 years, diagnosed with the disease with skin prick testing, were evaluated regarding quality of life by using the General Health Questionnaire-28, the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) and the mini Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire. 50 participants without history or allergic symptoms during the last 12 months formed the control group. Independent sample t-tests were conducted to assess significant differences between patients with allergic rhinitis and controls regarding all the examined parameters concerning quality of life. Statistical significance was set a priori at 0.05. Results: Dust mite, mixed grass and pollens were the most common allergens found in patients with allergic rhinitis. It was also observed that the examined patients showed statistically worse results concerning not only physical and social activities but also quality of sleep and nasal or other symptoms as compared to healthy controls (p < 0.05). However there wereno statistically significant differences regarding anxiety and severe depression between the examined groups (p >0.05). Conclusion: Allergic rhinitis negatively affected the quality of life especially the parameters that were related to psychosocial activities and sleep, which might have an impact on daily living.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Subject classification: Αλλεργική ρινίτιδα
Keywords: Αλλεργική ρινίτιδα,ποιότητα ζωής,ερωτηματολόγιο,διαταραχές ύπνου,φυσικές και κοινωνικές δραστηριότητες,allergic rhinitis,quality of life,questionnaire,sleep disorders,physical and social activities
Appears in Collections:Διδακτορικές Διατριβές

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