Proairesis and praxis in Aristotle's thought (Master thesis)

Υφαντή, Αθηνά

Ιn this research we studied the Nicomachean Ethics and the Eudemian Ethics and our purpose was to reveal the meaning of the notion of the proairesis and praxis and their interrelation. Apart from the secondary bibliography, we also consulted the commentaries of Aspasius, Heliodorus and Eustratius, Metropolitan bishop of Nicaea. Because of the systematic character of Aristotle’s philosophical thought, our text follows Aristotle’s own syllogistic path, focusing on the ethical notions that reveal the deeper meaning of the notion of proairesis and its relation with the human action. In the first chapter of our research, we drew attention to notions such as the human Eudaimonia, the virtue, the different kinds of action, the distinction of virtue from other human appetites, and lastly, we accentuated the connection of proairesis and praxis. In the second chapter of our study we focused on the intellectual virtues and their relation with action and proairesis, because man is a reasonable being and he acts as such. Concluding we claim that for Aristotle, proairesis constitutes that which prepares the ethical action, or rather that which inaugurates psychologically a conscious and rationally chosen ethical action. We believe that by the notion of proairesis Aristotle determined the criterion of the right political acting. This, we believe, was Aristotle’s ulterior goal, especially in the Nicomachean Ethics when referring to this notion, because for Aristotle, politics aim to constitute the citizens good men and capable to perform good actions. This explains why he accentuates and analyses so deeply the notion of proairesis, for it is proairesis the criterion which determines whether an action is right and good.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Φιλοσοφίας, Παιδαγωγικής και Ψυχολογίας
Subject classification: Αριστοτέλης, (384-322)
Keywords: Προαίρεση,Πράξη,Ευδαιμονία,Αρετή,Proairesis,Praxis,Eydaimonia,Arete
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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