Ο Νικηφόρος Βλεμμύδης και συμβολή του στην παιδεία στο κράτος της Νίκαιας (Master thesis)

Καβαλλάρη, Μαρίνα


In conclusion, all of the Laskarides’s dynasty representatives, contributed greatly to the flourishing of Nikaia’s education system. Initially, Theodore I Laskaris, refounded the educational “offikia”. Subsequently, John III Vatatzis appointed professors for the education of the ruling class’s children and for all the promising young people. He undertook the responsibility of discovering manuscripts and established state libraries, throughout the territory of Nikaia’s Empire. Finally, Theodore II Laskaris, tried to conclude his predecessor’s vision, which was the founding of a higher school, similar to the ‘’Patriarchial School’’. Undoubtedly , Theodoros II Laskaris promoted the greek spirit more than any other emperor, through the arts and literature. In this period of time Nickiphoros Vlemmydis lived and acted, who turned out to be the most important scholar of the state of Nikaia. Vlemmydis was a man who as a child experienced the uprooting from his hometown, Istanbul, when it was occupied in 1204 by the Latins. But, despite of the adversity he experienced, he managed to take the appropriate training to become one of the most educated men of his time while being in exile. As a young man, his life was devided between the imperial courtyard and the monastic life, until he decided to be completely removed from the mundane. But his deliberate removal , did not mean his withdrawn from all the events of Nikaia’s state. This is evidenced by the fact, that he has been twice an active part in the discussions conducted by the emperor John III Vatatzi, with Roman Catholics representatives, in order to achieve the union of the two churches. The first time was in 1234, where the summit took place in Nymfaia. There, Nickiphoros Vlemmydis, undertook to provide written answers to Dimitrio Karykis, in order for the latter to cope with the requirements of his opponents, as he was unable to respond himself. The second time Vlemmydis took an active part in the ecclesiastical discussions at the synod that took place in Nikaia in 1250, but he did not seem to succeed in coping with the Roman Catholic’s representatives arguments. Furthermore, Nickiphoros Vlemmydis, due to the strong personality he possessed, was called twice to take the position of the clergy as a senior. Specifically, in 1254 he was proposed for the patriarch’s vacant position by the ecclesiastical synod that was set up in Nikaia, and a few years earlier, in 1240, he was proposed for the metropolitan throne of Ephesus. Nickiphoros Vlemmydis though, denied both times the ecclesiastical ranks, as he believed that church power was superior to cosmic and did not want the first one to become a subordinate of the latter. Apart from the higher ecclesiastical ranks, John III Vatatzis, proposed that he should take over the administration of a higher education school for young people , where later on they would be appointed in charge of higher administrative positions of the state of Nikaia. Vlemmydis also denied this honorary proposition, claiming that this life did not fit him and that he preferred to be in his monastery. Nickiphoros Vlemmydis in addition of being a great oratorand knowledgeable of theological affairs , proved to be an equally prominent scholar and teacher. Thanks to his involvement in manuscript research, he managed to save important pieces by classical writers , which might have been destroyed or lost if he did not discover them. In 1241, Nickiphoros Vlemmydis founded his own monastery-school in Imathia because he wanted to devote himself totally to God and focus to his didactic work and scientific studies. There, he emerged as an excellent teacher, as he was invited by the emperor of Nikaia, John III Vatatzi, to teach five young men with aristocratic origins, in order to take in the future higher positions in the imperial secretariat. The special appreciation and confidence that Emperor John III Vatatzis had in Vlemmydis’ teaching skills is shown by the fact that he asked him to teach his son and later emperor of Nikaia , Theodore II Laskari. The most important legacy left by Nickiphoro Vlemmydi was his diverse and massive writing work. It reveals many aspects of his character, sharpness, introspection and of course his knowledge. One of his works, it is his autobiography, with the title ‘’Διηγησις Μερικη’’. This work provides important insights into the life and action of Nickiphoros Vlemmydis in the state of Nikaia. Equally valuable works, are his two textbooks, titled ‘’Επιτομη Λογικης’’ and ‘’ Επιτομη Φυσικης’’. These manuals are based mainly an Aristotelian thought, which the writer tries to simplify so he can make it more comprehensible to his students. It is important that in these works, he does not use the beliefs of Aristotelis uncritically, as there are many points where the scholar mentions his own opinions, which are often identical to the Christian teaching of orthodox doctrine. Finally, special attention is also given to the advisory work of Nickiphoros Vlemmydis, ‘’Βασιλικος Ανδριας’’, which is addressed exclusively to his student and successor of the imperial throne, Theodore II Laskari. This project aims to advise and guide the young ruler, to become an ideal emperor. Undoubtedly through the works tha Vlemmydis left as heritage, his broad knowledge of both philosophy and natural sciences is revealed. However, Nickiphoros Vlemmydis, also dealt with theological, geographic, astronomical and medical issues. The importance of his work and especially his teaching manuals is evidenced by the fact that they were copied and used for teaching purposes until the 18th century. Thus, despite the difficulties, thanks to the concern of Byzantine’s penultimate dynasty, as well as the action of scholarly men, such as Nickiphoros Vlemmydis, the education system of Nikaia’s state was organized. With the educational system , some of the greatest scholars of the 13th century were cultivated, such as George Akropolitis, Theodore II Laskaris and George Kyprios. Indeed, some of them, after the recovery of Istanbul in 1261, contributed to Michael’s II Palaiologou effort to re-establish the higher educationin the Byzantine capital. Thus, they decisively contributed to the literature’s blooming in the so- called Palaiologia Renaissance.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας
Subject classification: Αυτοκρατορία της Νίκαιας -- Ιστορία -- 1204-1261
Keywords: Αυτοκρατορία της Νίκαιας,Νικηφόρος Βλεμμύδης,Οργάνωση παιδείας,Διδακτικά εγχειρίδια
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/29497
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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