From Eudemus of Rhodes To Diodorus of Tyre - biographies of the Peripatetic School’s members (Doctoral thesis)

Ντρίκος, Σπυρίδων Ι.

This thesis is aiming at tailing after the course of the Peripatetic School after Aristotle’s death. During the Hellenistic period, with the expansion of the limits of the world and consequently the limits of knowledge induced by Alexander's campaign in Asia, the philosophical discourse extended to various sub-disciplines. The school tried to redefine the position of humans in this changing world, indicating the path to eudaimonia, to which people would be led to by proper management of knowledge, in conjunction with right actions. One of our aims was the systematic presentation of the existing material and the utilization of previous researches in order to offer a brief account of the history of Peripatetic philosophy after Aristotle and Theophrastus. At the same time, exploring and promoting the relations of the faculty to the other movements of the Hellenistic era, we attempted to figure the location of the Lyceum on the philosophical map of this era. After collecting the necessary data, a draft was prepared, in which the biographies and philosophical perceptions of each representative of the school were recorded and the relationship of these views with the ones of Aristotle was cited. This draft was the core of the first part of the work, while the rest of the material was used to compile the second part, enriching it with information regarding the perceptions of other philosophical schools. Essentially, the Peripatetics sought to serve Aristotle's vision, which stretched further from the mere creation of a philosophical school, since his ambition was to establish a scientific and research institution firmly focused on the quest for knowledge. The Lyceum was therefore such an institution, some of whose members were loosely linked to it. The school managed to portray Aristotle's work and defend its heritage, contributing to the recognition of its grandeur, but at the same time its representatives contributed personally to the progress of various scientific fields. Ultimately, Aristotle's program of continuous recording of knowledge led the faculty to create structures that made it a remarkable and well-organized educational institution. Its methodology had been the driving force behind the founding of the library in Alexandria, thus making the founder's goal of continuous exploration of knowledge more feasible. Aristotle understood that the limits of knowledge transcended human life, but the school had the potential to go beyond individual human limits, thus the Lyceum evolved into an organization that was intended to be dedicated to its goal, the search for and lasting expansion of knowledge, which would help people in their undertaking to improve their life and eventually conquer eudaimonia.
Alternative title / Subtitle: φιλοσοφία και επιστήμες στο Λύκειον μετά τον Θεόφραστο
philosophy and science in the Lyceum after Theophrastus
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Φιλοσοφίας, Παιδαγωγικής και Ψυχολογίας
Subject classification: Περιπατητικοί
Keywords: Περιπατητική φιλοσοφία,Μετά-αριστοτελική φιλοσοφία,Επιστήμες στον αρχαίο κόσμο,Peripatetic philosophy,Post-aristotelian phylosophy,Ancient science
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