Modern physics, Jews and national socialism in interwar Germany (Master thesis)

Βέργος, Θεοφάνης

Interwar has been for Germany, but also more generally for Europe, a period full of incidents that led the country from the 1st WW disaster to the declaration of the 2nd WW, through the rise of the National Socialist party to power. This rise did not occur as a natural phenomenon, but was a result of a series of incapacities and processes during Weimar Republic, as well as due to the presence of a historical and philosophical background since the Empire period, which made it more or less inevitable. Meanwhile, within all political, ideological and social phenomena, a revolution in science took place. Albert Einstein’s Relativity theory had already invaded Physics since 1905, causing major changes in the concept of time and space. On the other hand, the birth of the theory of Quanta by Max Planck in 1900 led eventually, through the theoretical struggle of many leading physicists and the accumulation of numerous experimental data, to the Quantum Physics revolution during 1925 – 1927. Relativity and Quantum Theory became even before 1933 a target for those scientists that could not accept theoretical physics’ domination over experimental physics, relating the first one to the jewish spirit, the second one to the german one. Yet, the rise of the Socialist Party to power in 1933 brought distress to the Physics area as well. The Weimar Period physicists’ separation had after all obtained a powerful racial form, as it came to a conflict between the so called “jewish Physics”, which the majority supported, and the “german Physics”, which had significantly fewer supporters. This whole conflict and the persecutions of Jewish scientists, in order to adjust the public domain with the new regime’s wishes, but also the targeting of “jewish Physics” supporters, led to unfavourable results concerning the quality of scientific research in Germany, a fact with serious impact until this conflict ended once and for all.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας
Subject classification: Εθνικοσοσιαλισμός
Keywords: Σύγχρονη φυσική,Εθνικοσοσιαλισμός,Εβραίοι επιστήμονες,Μεσοπόλεμος,Modern physics,National socialism,Jews scientists,Interwar
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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