Leo Lowenthal's phychoanalytical critique in his studies on authpritarianism (Master thesis)

Περπερίδης, Ιωάννης

Leo Löwenthal is one of the intellectuals of the first generation of the Frankfurt School. This essay aims on the one hand at the designation of his thought and its connection to the rest of the intellectuals who constituted what was later known as Critical Theory. On the other hand this essay attempts to present Löwenthal’s important contribution to the Studies on Prejudice through his psychoanalytical study False Prophets. Studies on Authoritarianism. The first chapter of this essay presents Löwenthal as a member of the Institut für Sozialforschung of the Frankfurt School. It studies not only the positions Löwenthal possessed but also his responsibilities within the Institute and how they affected his thought. The second chapter presents the two most important elements for the rest of Löwenthal’s essay about agitation: the social malaise and the construction of a fully hostile world. In this chapter Löwenthal’s characterization of agitation as “psychoanalysis in reverse” is brought about along with the defensive mechanisms of the listeners’ psyche which are triggered at the agitation process. The third chapter focuses on the creation of the enemy as surreptitious anti-Semitism. This anti-Semitism is characterized as latent not only within the techniques of the agitator but also within the listeners as elements which seek externalization. The fourth and last chapter presents the self-image of agitator along with the character of his followers as it is constructed by the agitation. Moreover, another of Löwenthal’s texts is being analyzed which may be perceived as his attempt to seek the social elements which manage to create atoms prone to agitation. Löwenthal’s research may not include the listeners’ reactions, an element which is highlighted by him from the beginning, but it is innovative since it opens the field of what later went by the name of discourse analysis within the Political.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Φιλοσοφίας, Παιδαγωγικής και Ψυχολογίας
Subject classification: Κριτική Θεωρία
Keywords: Κριτική Θεωρία,Σχολή της Φραγκφούρτης,Αντίστροφη Ψυχανάλυση,Αυταρχισμός,Critical Theory,Frankfurt School,Psychoanalysis in Reverse,Authoritarianism
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/29373
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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