The effect of sideport incision on ocular refraction after cataract surgery (Doctoral thesis)

Θεοδουλίδου, Σοφία

Purpose: To study the changes in corneal astigmatism after cataract surgery when the sideport incision is performed at a predetermined location away from the tunnel incision. Materials and methods: A total of 333 eyes with comeal astigmatism <1.5 diopters (D) underwent cataract surgery. A three-step superotemporal clear corneal incision for the right eye and a superonasal clear corneal incision for the left eye (3.0 mm) was made, while the sideport incision was located at <95°, 100°-110°, and >110°. Keratometric data were measured with corneal topography EyeSys Vista 2000 pre- and posioperatively at the 1 st and 6th month. Surgically induced astigmatism was calculated by vector analysis. We noted all cases in which a change >0.5 D in corneal astigmatic power occurred, as well as a change >20° in axis torque, despite axis direction. Results: After multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted, cases with >110° distance between the tunnel and sideport incision had 2.22 times CP=0.021) greater likelihood for having changed >0.5 D in astigmatic power at the 1st month and 3.45 times (P=0.031) at the 6th month postoperatively, as compared with cases with a 100°-110° distance between the tunnel and sideport incision. As for the change in the astigmatic axis, cases with <95° distance had a 4.18 times greater likelihood for having a change >20° CP0.001) (preoperative to 1st month) as compared with cases having 100°-110° of distance. Conclusion: For surgeons that operate only from the superior position, we propose that in order to produce an incision that is as “astigmatically neutral” as possible, they should perform the sideport incision at a 100°-110° distance.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Subject classification: Καταρράκτης
Keywords: Αστιγματισμός,Επέμβαση καταρράκτη,Βοηθητική τομή,Κύρια τομή,Astigmatism,Cataract surgery,Sideport incision,Tunnel incision
Appears in Collections:Διδακτορικές Διατριβές

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