The grammar books of greek language (1550-1821) (Doctoral thesis)

Ευθυμίου, Γεωργία

The present study analyzes diachronically the most important Greek language grammar textbooks written by Greeks during 1550-1821, regarding their form and content, with the aim of completing the existing knowledge and covering the research gap on the Greek Grammars of this period. As far as the methodology is concerned, a categorization of grammar books of this period in ancient Greek and Modem Greek is conducted. After a theoretical reference, analysis, and historical overview of the term of grammar, reference is made to the spiritual developments, the historical-social, educational, linguistic and editorial conditions that present in the Greek territory at that time. In the analysis of the main research and the Grammar textbooks, information is given on the biography of each author, his status, his ideology and his purpose. What is analyzed is the material of the books and the way they are handled, which levels of language analysis are better covered and by which Grammars, if they follow specific patterns or not, their theoretical origins, their grammatical tradition and their contribution to the history of grammar. In addition, parameters such as the use of these Grammars as textbooks, innovations, peculiarities and the aim of each book, the detection of possible ideological messages, expressed or implied, and the factors that contributed to their formation, are being considered. The analysis showed that the majority of pre-revolutionary Grammars concern ancient Greek (62%) and not the spoken language of that time (38%). This is due to the tendency of an aristocratic orientation of this period and to its interpretative phenomenon of connecting the ancient or modem Greek language is in direct connection with his views on the language issue, his ideology, his profession and his goal. The ancient Greek grammars were composed by representatives of archaism, published in Europe immediately after their writing, they were used as a teaching manual, and that was their main aim. Most of them include grammar and syntax but also introductions with the writers’ linguistic views, verbs lists etc., so they are multi-page. Finally, they show many similarities because of their common standards. On the contrary, Modem Greek Grammars because of their linguistic innovations were not appreciated and were left unpublished for years, unknown and unaffected by each other. Therefore, they do not have many similarities and they are more concise than the ancient Greek ones. They were not used as a teaching manual and each one of them has a different target and orientation. They focus on grammar (not in syntax) and especially on morphology, and they give us information about the language of that time. They present, however, differences in the form of the language they describe, because they cover a period of about three centuries, during which, language changes. Finally, the authors of Modem Greek Grammars have a division between respect for the classical times and the acceptance of popular language, a division that led some of them towards methods of coding language based on known-inherited examples.
Alternative title / Subtitle: μία διαχρονική θεώρηση μορφής και περιεχομένου
a diachronic perspective of form and content
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Αγωγής. Παιδαγωγικό Τμήμα Δημοτικής Εκπαίδευσης
Subject classification: Ελληνική γλώσσα -- Γραμματική
Keywords: Γραμματική,Γλωσσολογία,Ελληνική γλώσσα,Προεπαναστατικές γραμματικές,Διδακτικά εγχειρίδια,Grammar,Linguistics,Greek language,Pre-revolutionary grammars,Teaching manuals
Appears in Collections:Διδακτορικές Διατριβές

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