Society and state structures in the Balkan Peninsula (13th-15th century) (Doctoral thesis)

Γκαρτζονίκα, Έλενα

The historical analysis of the spatio-temporal characteristics of the late-medieval Christian state formations and the structural social particulars of Bulgaria and Serbia in the Peninsula of Aimos, being the objective of this dissertation, is approached by means of a critical research of the evolution of the pivotal phenomenon of their fragmentation in its four main dimensions, namely the political, economic, social and ideological one –an approach that has not engaged the respective research in a comparative manner. In parallel to them, the diplomatic, geopolitical, military and ecclesiastical conjunctions, which instigated the emergence of the two influential local hegemonic powers (the Bulgarian Asenids and the Serbian Nemanjids), are analyzed in Part A: The different types of powers (political –aristocratic/ noble–, military, economic and ecclesiastical) assigned to each prominent representative of the said rising families or to rival social groups, when allied with the orthodox Byzantine Empire or the Roman Catholic forces, showcased, from the 12th c. onwards, the local forces’ crucial involvement in the power grid of the period under analysis as well as the conditions under which the new type of local control was exercised in claimed or occupied lands of strategic and economic importance.On the basis of the said new conditions of social formation and competition, in Part B, the structures and agents of the new or newer powers that emerged locally are examined synchronically and diachronically until the 15th century, along with the means used by the former and the secular or ecclesiastical relations that imposed and/or stabilized them –namely, the constituents of the state in the Middle Ages. Thus, the rationale of the broader system in which the said loci of power emerged and were even maintained occasionally, despite their dispersion and/or weakening, is deciphered. The translation and mapping of ostensibly miscellaneous contemporary Byzantine, Latin, Bulgarian, Serbian and Russian sources shed light on both the details of the afore-described advanced framework and the conditions of its entanglement with the ongoing Islamic invasion, which was based on the pre-existing fragmentation while intensifying it. Despite the sources’ morphological segregation by genres (chronicles, decrees, canons, hagiographies, coins, monumental depictions, etc.) and their loading with symbolisms and idealized or redefined sequences of events, their conjoint examination proved them to be the initial recast of a specific orthodox, state ideology, at the command of the aforementioned representatives, relatives and allies. Through the latter and using exemplary cases, in Part C, the way the characteristics of the fragmented powers were enshrined in the dominant model is illustrated along with the fact that it resulted in the preservation of a wider unified historical and ideological framework in the Byzantine-Slavic world.
Alternative title / Subtitle: η Σερβία των Νεμάνια και η Βουλγαρία των Ασέν
the Niemanid Serbia and Asenid Bugaria
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας
Subject classification: Μεσαίωνας -- Ιστορία
Keywords: Μεσαιωνική Ιστορία,Μεσαιωνική ιδεολογία,Μεσαιωνική Σερβία,Μεσαιωνική Βουλγαρία,Μεσαιωνική κοινωνία,Βαλκανικές μεσαιωνικές κρατικές δομές,Ηγεμονές τόπων,Μεσαιωνική Βαλκανική λογοτεχνία,Μεσαιωνική λογοτεχνία,Βυζαντινή ιστορία
Appears in Collections:Διδακτορικές Διατριβές

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