Early christian and middle byzantine sculptures of Nafpactos collection (Master thesis)

Ζωγάκη, Αθηνά

The subject of my dissertation is the study of a significant number of sculptures which are kept in the archaeological collection of Nafpaktos and come almost exclusively from excavations carried out in the city of Nafpaktos and its castle. They date from 5th to the 13th century and are architectural sculptures of secular and ecclesiastical buildings. The aim of the study is twofold: the integration of the architectural sculptures in chronological contexts based on the progression of their morphology and decoration and the examination of the contribution to the historical and urban development of the city of Nafpaktos during the centuries under consideration. Sub- topic are the exploration of the artistic relations of the city of Nafpaktos with the neighboring artistic centers of southern Greece (Athens, Corinth, Patra), as well as with Constantinople and its area of influence. The groups constituting the material under consideration are: capitals (7), panels (12), cornices (3), frames (5), architraves (7), imposts (4), columns of a temple (1). From these sculptures 1/3 is unpublished. The sculptures dating back to the early Christian years are decorated with the usual decorative motifs that are prevalent throughout the Christian world: acanthus, laurel which include cross with the Christgram, birds, leaves, e.t. Stylistically are rendered repoussé in naturalistic way with stable and good design. Sculptures dating back to the so-called "transitional centuries" are rendered in a low relief with a simple and sprawling decor, with limited use of geometric and vegetal motifs and with emphasis on symbolic themes such as the cross, the rosette, limniskos. Their decoration and stylistic rendering (shaping, design simplicity and abstraction) are decorative options that will prevail in the 9th century according to other published sculptures from southern Greece (Athens, Corinth, Mani, Messina), as well as from central and northern (Nea Anchialos, Thessaloniki) and the islands (Naxos, Paros). Dry processing and hard prismatic beads are removed from the Early Christian style and come closer to the Middle Byzantine period. The decorative themes of the Byzantine sculptures of Nafpaktos are mainly plant themes (anthemia, acanthus, rosettes, vines), covering the entire surface of the depth of the sculpture. In the decorative motifs are also depictions of human figures, animals and mythological beings. There are repetitions of themes of the early Christian period (Cypress, clematis, and stems), but with the artistic style of the byzantine period. The combination of different techniques such as high and low relief, two- level technique in some of them as well as the most complex way of illustration highlight the performance of marble artists. The sculptures of the collection are subject to a common agenda and are attributed with the common techniques. But their style is the result of the distinctive and unique personality of the artists that each time portray in their works. The study of the sculptures highlights the sculptural production of the city, reflects the aesthetic tendencies and artistic currents that dominate in every century, and is the first small contribution to the study of the sculpture of Nafpaktos.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας
Subject classification: Ναύπακτος (Αιτωλοακαρνανία) -- Αρχαιότητες
Keywords: Ναύπακτος,Γλυπτά,Παλαιοχριστιανικά,Μεσοβυζαντινα,Sculptures,Nafpaktos,Early christian period,Middle byzantine period
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/29130
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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