Σωματικά συμπτώματα πόνου και συσχέτιση με ψυχιατρική νοσηρότητα και κοινωνικοδημογραφικούς παράγοντες στην όψιμη εφηβεία (Master thesis)

Σούλιου, Χριστίνα


OBJECTIVE: Despite being traditionally considered a time of complete health and wellbeing, contemporary literature depicts that adolescence tends to be characterized by somatic pain symptoms at an ever increasing level, while, at the same time, there is an increase in the prevalence of many psychiatric problems like depression. Unfortunately, information regarding the adolescent population of Greece is little to none. The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationship amongst: a) somatic pain symptoms and psychiatric morbidity, as well as b) somatic pain symptoms and other factors which are possibly related to their presence, in late adolescence. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was performed on 2363 students, aged 15-18, attending 10 High Schools located in the prefecture of Epirus and in the broader area of WesternNorthwestern Greece. The study took place two phases: in the first phase, the Screener version of the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule and the 12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire were used. At this time, socio-economic variables, such as parental education and occupation, and students’ subjective evaluations, which included their perceptions of the financial difficulties of the family, their school performance and relationship with parents, as well as the level of general and psychological health, were assessed. In the second phase, depending on the score achieved during screening, a striated sample of 872 students was chosen to whom the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule (CISR) was applied. RESULTS: A correlation between the presence of somatic pain symptoms and psychiatric morbidity was determined. Specifically, it was noted that high levels psychiatric morbidity occurred with higher levels of adolescent headache, back pain, abdominal pain and with at least with one of the former symptoms. Elevated percentages of such symptoms were also found to be correlated with other variables such as gender, divorced or separated family environments, paternal education at a junior high school level, free-lancing as maternal employment, perceived increased financial difficulties, average to bad relationship with parents, average to bad-perceived school performance, and a low level of self-reported general and psychological health. CONCLUSIONS: The Epirus school research project was a first attempt to assess late adolescent somatic pain symptoms in Greece. The goal of this study was to shed light upon the relation between such symptoms and psychiatric morbidity as well as other factors, in the adolescent population of Western-Northwestern Greece. We concluded that these adolescents do suffer from symptoms of pain, in which situations a serious possibility of psychiatric morbidity should be considered.
Alternative title / Subtitle: συγχρονική μελέτη στη Βορειοδυτική Ελλάδα
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Subject classification: Πόνος
Keywords: Έφηβοι,Σωματικά συμπτώματα πόνου,Ψυχιατρική νοσηρότητα
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/29089
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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