The development of conscience in children 4 to 8 years old and its relation to their theory of mind (Master thesis)

Τσιάρα, Ευαγγελία

The aims of the present study were two. First, it was aimed to investigate the effect of age on the development of the four dimensions of conscience, affective, behavioral, and cognitive dimension and moral self, and Theory of Mind (ToM) in children aged 4 to 8 years. Second, it was aimed to investigate the developmental links between these dimensions of conscience and ToM. In the study participated 80 children, aged 4-8, and 80 parents. For the assessment of conscience, three instruments were used: the scale “My Child”, for the assessment of the affective and behavioral dimension of conscience (Kochanska, DeVet, Goldman, Murray, & Putnam, 1994), the scale for moral self (Kochanska, Murray, & Coy, 1997) and the adaptation of the experimental task of Killen, Mulvey, Richardson, Jampol, and Woodward (2011), for the cognitive dimension of conscience. ToM was assessed through five first- and second-order false belief experimental tasks. The results showed that age affected significantly the four dimensions of conscience, which were assessed, and ToM. Older children had better performance on the cognitive dimension of conscience, moral self and ToM and they were assessed more positively from their parents at both the affective and behavioral dimensions of conscience. Furthermore, it was found that ToM was positively correlated in a significant manner to the cognitive dimension of conscience and moral self, as well as to the trait of guilt from the affective dimension of conscience. Discussion focuses on imlications of these findings for theory and educational practice.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Αγωγής. Παιδαγωγικό Τμήμα Δημοτικής Εκπαίδευσης
Subject classification: Συνείδηση
Keywords: Γνωστική διάσταση,Ηθικός εαυτός,Συμπεριφορική διάσταση,Συναισθηματική διάσταση,Συνείδηση,Affective dimension,Behavioral dimension,Cognitive dimension,Conscience,Moral self
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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