Higher education in Constantinople in the 15th c. (Doctoral thesis)

Πέτρου, Ηλίας

This PhD thesis aims to examine and present the education system in Constantinople in the 15th c. The Byzantine Empire was dying while the Ottoman danger was already ante portas. However education and the study of the classical works was thriving and flourishing. What were the reasons for this phenomenon? The thesis is separated in two parts: the first part is consisted by four chapters and the second part by two, while three Appendices have been added at the end. The first part examines the Byzantine education in Constantinople from the ascension of Manuel II Paleologos to the byzantine imperial throne (1391) until the first decades under the Ottoman rule after the fall of 1453. The various schools around the capital are being identified along with the scholars and teachers who worked there. In addition, the first part examines the phenomenon of the arrival of the Italian humanists to Byzantium in order to learn the Greek language and Paideia, a phenomenon which caused the transportation of the ancient Greek knowledge to the West, along with the existence of the Patriarchical school, the continuation of the previous Byzantine schools, in Constantinople after 1453. The second part focuses on the more practical subjects of the Byzantine education such as the various school textbooks/manuscripts, which were used during the 15th c. It examines the teaching of each scientific subject of the Trivium and Quadrivium separately along with the reconstruction of the various libraries, which were established in the byzantine capital (Imperial and Patriarchical libraries, monastic libraries, private libraries). The completions of the PhD thesis was based on the examination of the various manuscripts, in the most of the cases in situ, which were connected with the byzantine education curriculum according to their content, their scholia and their interlinear glossae. At the same time, the correspondences of the various scholars of the period were considered along with the other contemporary works. In addition, the rich secondary bibliography helped for a more complete overview of the period. In conclusion, the well-educated Emperor Manuel II Paleologos and his scholar circle gave a new thrust to the education system at the capital after the first years of the 15th c. In addition, the defeat of the Ottomans at the battle of Ankara (1402), which gave a short relief to the byzantine capital, and the close connections of with the West (council of Ferrara-Florence - 1438-39) which caused the arrival of new wealthy Italian students to Constantinople, strengthened even more this last Palaeologan «Renaissance». The Greek Paideia gained the opportunity not only to spread to the West but also to survive at the new Ottoman capital.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Φιλοσοφική Σχολή. Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας
Subject classification: Κωνσταντινούπολη -- Παιδεία
Keywords: Παιδεία,Βυζάντιο,Κωνσταντινούπολη,15ος αι.,Higer education,Byzantium,Constantinople,15 th c.
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/28128
Appears in Collections:Διδακτορικές Διατριβές

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