Οι αντιλήψεις των επαγγελματιών υγείας απέναντι στη ψυχική νόσο (Master thesis)

Πάκου, Ηλιάνα


Mental illness is a painful experience. Focus on “objective” symptoms may not adequately describe it. Mental health’s stigma- reaction of the social environment associated with the disorder- participates in the determination of a patient’s subjective experience. Stigmatization contributes to the patient’s isolation and devaluation. Delays diagnosis and therapy, inhibits prevention of recurrence and leads in limited life chances and adverse living conditions. Change of health professionals’ attitudes, a parameter which has not been studied in Greece until today, may alter public’s conception. Aims: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether health professionals are guided by perceptions that stigmatize mental sufferers and show similar behaviors to them. Method: This questionnaire was supplemented by 50 health professionals of various specialties and ages working at the University Hospital of Ioannina. Most of these healthcare professionals have contacts with a mental patient either in outpatient clinics or in the clinic that the patient is being treated for another condition. The questionnaire consists of three parts. Confidentiality will be respected for all survey participants. IBM SPSS will be used to analyze the survey data. Results: In the correlation of the five factors of the OMI scale there is no statistically significant relationship with gender and employment years. The results of this study, among the factors investigated the most important that seem to affect the management of patients with mental illness by health professionals were age, level of education, work service (nursing, medicine) and specialty. Also, there was a statistically significant difference in sex and years of service and marital status. The factors are observed to have a statistically significant effect on the formation of attitudes and perceptions of stigma. There was no statistically significant difference in attitudes and attitudes towards mental illness between the two professional groups. Conclusions: The statistical analysis of the questionnaires (OMI scale) distributed revealed that the variables age, level of education, specialty, years of employment did not affect attitudes and perceptions of health professionals towards the mentally ill (negative attitudes) shape the stigma of mental illness.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Subject classification: Επαγγελματίες υγείας
Keywords: Στίγμα,Κοινωνία,Ψυχική νόσος,Επαγγελματίες υγείας,Stigma,Society,Μental illness,Ηealth professionals
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/28117
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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