Psycho-Educational nterventions for adults with post traumatic stress symptoms a systematic review and meta-analysis (Master thesis)

Βάτκαλη, Ευφροσύνη

Psychoeducation is a common mental health treatment. However, its use in the framework of traumatic stress is limited and research evidence concerning its effectiveness is scarce and inconclusive. The purpose of the current study is to assess the research evidence concerning the effectiveness of psychoeducation in the treatment/prevention of post-traumatic stress symptoms for adults who have experienced a traumatic or potentially traumatic event. Thus, the research question was whether psychoeducation is more effective in treating/preventing post-traumatic stress symptoms in adults compared to other treatments. The method of systematic review and meta-analysis was used to address the research questions. The systematic review took place in Scopus and Medline with combinations of keywords without restrictions concerning date and language of publication. As significant levels of heterogeneity were expected, a random-effects meta-analysis with subgroups was performed. 17 studies were included in the systematic review and 12 studies in the meta-analysis. The most important finding of this study refers to the comparison of psychoeducation to treatment-as-usual. The systematic review resulted in 7 studies with 1360 participants which compare psychoeducation to treatment-as-usual. There does not seem to be any clear difference between psychoeducation and treatment-as-usual, and this result is not statistically significant. Heterogeneity was substantial in most cases. According to the current study, psychoeducation is a neutral treatment for reducing post-traumatic stress symptoms, with effects similar to those of treatment-as-usual. However, its improvement and reassessment in other areas of interest, beyond symptom remission, is strongly advised, as psychoeducation might be more beneficial in other areas, such as normalization of symptoms. Finally, several issues concerning the theoretical framework, content and goal setting of psychoeducation are discussed and suggestions for future research in this field are proposed.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Αγωγής. Παιδαγωγικό Τμήμα Δημοτικής Εκπαίδευσης
Subject classification: Μετατραυματικό στρες -- Διαταραχή
Keywords: Συστηματική ανασκόπηση,Μετά-ανάλυση,Ψυχοεκπαίδευση,Μετατραυματικό στρες,Systematic review,Meta-analysis,Psychoeducation,Post traumatic stress
Appears in Collections:Διατριβές Μεταπτυχιακής Έρευνας (Masters)

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