Comparison of traditional botano - therapeutics between far - eastern countries and Greece (Doctoral thesis)

Che, Jayoung

In Eastern countries the prescriptions of almost all the materia medica are related to abstractive concepts or the condition of the whole body, while in Greece definite organs or practical usages are referred to. For example, in the former, great concern is given to supplementing deficiency, ascending or descending Energy, reinforcing muscles and bones, and removing febrile disease. In the latter, however, the general conception is not the focus, and, instead, jaundice, calculus, menstruation, sexual desire, abortion, or animal and viper- biting is referred to more frequently than in Eastern countries., In cases where similar organs are referred to, the contents of prescriptions might be different between Eastern countries and Greece. For example, when the internal organs are discussed, in Greece the stomach or intestines were evacuated for convenience, while in China they were treated to remove febrile disease of Five Viscera. Moreover, in China the description ‘make the body light’ is frequently used, but in Greece the term ‘reduce weight’ is used. The former does not necessarily mean ‘reducing weight’, but often to improve the function of the body, such as the circulation of blood, by replenishing, or more rarely, descending Energy. However, in Greece a matter of concern is actually to reduce weight, as disease mostly originated in excess rather than deficiency. The divergence between the two countries shows a cause of hindrance to circulation: in China it is due to a deficiency of Energy, but in Greece mostly as a blocking of blood vessels resulting from excess. Otherwise, there is botany which shows more or less deviances in medicinal application between the two countries: menthe, artemisia, angelica, ginger, cinnamomum, and ginseng. The understanding of the medicinal efficiency of Artemisia shows a definite contradiction, as it raises flesh in China, while it reduces flesh in Greece. In my opinion, the opposing interpretation of Artemisia may originate from different living environments. The Greeks depended relatively more on animal food than Eastern people whose foodstuff consisted mostly of vegetables, so disease also came from an excess of flesh due to meat-eating. On the contrary, disease in Chinese mostly came from deficiency which resulted from vegetable diets. On the other hand, in China Cinnamomum has been used as frequently as glycyrrhiza, to protect or lower Energy. However, in Greece it was known as a spice which came from foreign lands, Africa or Arabia. Angelica was also much used in China, while it was not in Greece even though it was grown everywhere. Ginger was also known as a spice for food in Greece as well as Europe.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Subject classification: Medicine -- Herbal
Keywords: Παραδοσιακά θεραπευτικά βότανα,Άπω Ανατολή,Κίνα,Κορέα,Ελλάδα
Appears in Collections:Διδακτορικές Διατριβές

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