The effect of thyrotoxicosis on adrenocortical reserve (Journal article)
Tsatsoulis, A./ Johnson, E. O./ Kalogera, C. H./ Seferiadis, K./ Tsolas, O.
OBJECTIVE: Variations in thyroid function are known to be associated with changes in adrenocortical activity. Previous studies in animals have suggested that long-standing hyperthyroidism may be associated with diminished adrenal functional reserve despite a continuing hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In humans, there has been no direct assessment of adrenal secretory reserve in clinical thyrotoxicosis. This study aimed to assess adrenocortical reserve in response to low-dose ACTH, following dexamethasone suppression, in patients with severe thyrotoxicosis. DESIGN AND METHODS: Ten patients (four men and six women, 30-45 years) with severe long-standing thyrotoxicosis due to Graves' disease (n=6) or toxic nodular goitre (n=4) were studied at diagnosis and again when in a stable euthyroid state following drug therapy for 8-12 months. All patients underwent ACTH stimulation tests at 0800h with ACTH(1-24) (Cortrosyn; 0.1microg/kg body weight, i.v.) following overnight suppression of the HPA axis with dexamethasone (1mg per os at 2300h). Serum cortisol was assayed at -15, 0, 15, 30, 60 and 90min after the administration of ACTH. RESULTS: The mean (+/-s.d.) peak and delta cortisol responses to ACTH (634.5+/-164nmol/l and 618+/- 196nmol/l respectively), as well as the net area under the response curve (36769+/-12188nmol/lx min) in the hyperthyroid patients were significantly lower compared with the values when the same patients were euthyroid (911+/-157nmol/l, 905+/-160nmol/l and 57652+/-10128nmol/lxmin respectively; P<0.005). Subnormal peak cortisol responses (<500nmol/l) were observed in two severely toxic patients. The findings were independent of the cause of thyrotoxicosis. CONCLUSION: In patients with severe thyrotoxicosis, cortisol secretion in response to low-dose ACTH stimulation, following dexamethasone suppression, is lower in the hyperthyroid than in the euthyroid state. It appears that thyrotoxicosis is associated with subtle impairment of adrenocortical reserve.
|Institution and School/Department of submitter:||Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής|
|Keywords:||Adrenal Cortex/*metabolism,Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/administration & dosage/*metabolism,Adult,Antibodies/blood,Female,Humans,Hydrocortisone/*blood,Male,Middle Aged,Thyroid Gland/immunology,Thyroid Hormones/blood,Thyrotoxicosis/*blood/etiology,Thyrotropin/blood,Time Factors|
|Appears in Collections:||Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)|
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