Absence of mutations in the HOXA11 and HOXD11 genes in children with congenital renal malformations (Journal article)
Bouba, I./ Siomou, E./ Stefanidis, C. J./ Emmanouilidou, A./ Galidi, A./ Hatzi, E./ Markoula, S./ Mitsioni, A./ Siamopoulou, A./ Georgiou, I.
Experimental studies have shown that homeobox genes are essential for the development of the kidney and urinary tract. Hoxa11/Hoxd11 double mutant mice demonstrate renal agenesis or hypoplasia. Since, to our knowledge, these genes have never been examined for alterations in humans with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), we investigated whether mutations of HOXA11/HOXD11 genes are associated with non-syndromal congenital renal parenchymal malformations. DNA samples from 26 unrelated children with unilateral renal agenesis (URA), 20 with renal hypodysplasia (RHD) and 13 with multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) were included in the study. Exons 1 and 2 of the HOXA11/HOXD11 genes were amplified individually by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using 12 unique oligonucleotide primers. Single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of overlapping polymerase chain reaction products was performed. SSCP analysis revealed no variant band shifts in the samples of the amplified segments of the 59 patients, suggesting lack of either mutation or polymorphisms. Our findings do not support the hypothesis that mutations in the HOXA11/HOXD11 coding regions are involved in the pathogenesis of human non-syndromal congenital renal parenchymal malformations. Further studies are necessary, since other genes known to affect nephrogenesis, as well as genetic and environmental factors, may be involved.
|Institution and School/Department of submitter:||Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής|
|Keywords:||Adolescent,Child,Child, Preschool,Congenital Abnormalities/genetics,Female,Homeodomain Proteins/*genetics,Humans,Infant,Kidney/*abnormalities,Male,*Mutation|
|Appears in Collections:||Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)|
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