Apoptosis and apoptosis related proteins in chronic viral liver disease (Journal article)

Papakyriakou, P./ Tzardi, M./ Valatas, V./ Kanavaros, P./ Karydi, E./ Notas, G./ Xidakis, C./ Kouroumalis, E.

BACKGROUND: Apoptosis may be an important mechanism of hepatocyte death in chronic viral liver disease. METHODS: We studied apoptosis in liver biopsies from 30 patients with chronic viral hepatitis and 8 patients with viral cirrhosis by the TUNEL method. 12 cases of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and 12 cases of primary biliary cirrhosis were used as non-viral disease controls. Immunohistochemical expression of p53, p21/waf1, bcl-2 and mdm-2 proteins was also studied in the same patients. RESULTS: A statistically significant increase of apoptotic liver cells was found in severe chronic viral hepatitis (5.3 +/- 0.3%), cirrhosis (3.4 +/- 0.5%) and PBC (4.4 +/- 0.4%) cases compared to patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (0.8 +/- 0.3%). The expression of p53 protein was increased in the cases of viral cirrhosis and in chronic severe viral hepatitis whereas in the cases of chronic mild hepatitis, PBC and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis we found no expression of p53. P21/waf1 expression was increased in severe chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and PBC cases compared to mild hepatitis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis cases. However no induction of mdm-2 was observed in the subgroups of chronic liver disease. Bcl-2 was expressed only in epithelium of bile ducts and mononuclear cells of the portal tracts and liver lobules. A weaker Bcl-2 expression was noted in the epithelium of bile ducts of 7/12 PBC cases. CONCLUSION: Our results provide evidence of increased apoptosis in severe chronic viral liver disease, suggesting that apoptotic cell death might be involved in the pathogenesis of hepatocellular damage of viral hepatitis and cirrhosis. Furthermore we analysed part of the apoptotic pathways implicated in the above process and found an increased expression of p21/waf1, probably p53 mediated, without overexpression of the apoptosis inhibiting bcl-2 and mdm-2 proteins. By contrast p21/waf1 overexpression in PBC seems to be propagated by a p53 independent mechanism.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: *Apoptosis,Chronic Disease,Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21,Cyclins/metabolism,Genes, p53,Hepatitis, Viral, Human/*virology,Hepatocytes/metabolism,Humans,Immunohistochemistry,In Situ Nick-End Labeling,Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary/*virology,Liver Diseases/*virology,*Nuclear Proteins,Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism,Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism,Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2,Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/23748
ISSN: 1360-8185
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11865197
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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