Association of interleukin-6 (IL-6)-174G/C gene polymorphism with cardiovascular disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: the role of obesity and smoking (Journal article)

Panoulas, V. F./ Stavropoulos-Kalinoglou, A./ Metsios, G. S./ Smith, J. P./ Milionis, H. J./ Douglas, K. M./ Nightingale, P./ Kitas, G. D.

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are increased in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is high in RA and, together with smoking and obesity, an important contributor to the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The present study examined the potential association of IL-6-174 G/C polymorphism, together with obesity and smoking, with the presence of CVD in RA patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: DNA samples were collected from 383 RA patients (who also had extensive clinical and laboratory evaluations). IL-6-174 G/C was identified using real time PCR and melting curve analysis. Serum IL-6 levels were measured in a subgroup of 135 RA patients to examine the functionality of the polymorphism. Carriers of the IL6-174C-allele demonstrated increased prevalence of CVD (26.2% vs. 17.0%, p=0.041). There was a significant association with CVD, even after adjustment for traditional CVD risk factors (OR=1.92, 95%CI: 1.03 to 3.58, p=0.041). IL-6 levels were significantly increased in C-allele carriers [14.02 (3.21-38.81) vs. 4.48 (2.25-16.5), p=0.028]. No significant interactions were observed between adiposity and IL6-174G/C genotypes. There was only a trend for an interaction between ever smoking and IL6 C-allele carriers on CVD. CONCLUSION: The IL-6-174C-allele may associate with CVD in RA patients and possibly exerts its effect via increased inflammation. This finding, if confirmed in future studies, may be used as a part of a genetic screening tool for RA patients at high CVD risk.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Aged,Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications/epidemiology/*genetics/immunology,Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology/*genetics/immunology,Case-Control Studies,Female,Gene Frequency,Genetic Predisposition to Disease,Humans,Interleukin-6/blood/*genetics,Logistic Models,Male,Middle Aged,Obesity/*complications/epidemiology,Odds Ratio,*Polymorphism, Genetic,Prevalence,Risk Assessment,Risk Factors,Smoking/*adverse effects/epidemiology
URI: https://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/23656
ISSN: 1879-1484
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18848327
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