Biochemical pathways generating post-mortem volatile compounds co-detected during forensic ethanol analyses (Journal article)

Boumba, V. A./ Ziavrou, K. S./ Vougiouklakis, T.

In this contribution are presented the fermentations of the main substrates present in a decaying corpse, namely carbohydrates, amino acids, glycerol and fatty acids, generating the post-mortem volatile compounds that could be detected along with ethanol during the forensic ethanol analysis. The available literature (preferably reviews) on microbial metabolic pathways (enzymes, substrates, conditions) that are implicated in the formation of these volatiles has been reviewed. The microbial formation of the following volatiles is supported by the presented biochemical data: ethanol, acetaldehyde, acetone, 2-propanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol, isobutanol, isoamyl alcohol, d-amyl alcohol, acetate, propionate, butyrate, isobutyrate and ethyl esters (mainly ethyl acetate). The extracted information was correlated with the existing forensic literature on the post-mortem detected volatiles. The significance of the microbial produced volatiles on the selection of an appropriate internal standard for the ethanol analysis has been considered. Finally, the possible contribution of the presence of volatiles in the interpretation of ethanol analysis results in post-mortem cases is discussed.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Amino Acids/metabolism,Bacteria, Anaerobic/metabolism,Carbohydrate Metabolism,Ethanol/*metabolism,*Fermentation,*Forensic Toxicology,Glycerol/metabolism,Humans,*Postmortem Changes,Yeasts/metabolism
ISSN: 1872-6283
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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