Characterization of low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene mutations in Albania (Journal article)

Diakou, M./ Miltiadous, G./ Xenophontos, S./ Cariolou, M./ Heta, N./ Korita, I./ Bulo, A./ Refatllari, E./ Bairaktari, E./ Elisaf, M. S.

INTRODUCTION: Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a clinical syndrome characterised by elevated serum total cholesterol (TCHOL) levels due to an increase in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, by tendon xanthomata and clinical manifestations of ischaemic heart disease in early life. Typically, it results from mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene. So far, more than 800 mutations have been reported for the LDLR gene and account for FH. The nature of LDLR gene mutations varies among different ethnicities. Until now no mutations of LDLR have been reported in the Albanian population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed the contribution of the LDLR gene mutations as causes of FH in an Albanian population. Fifty probands with a clinical diagnosis of FH were included. We analysed all the exons and the promoter of the LDLR gene by using restriction isotyping or direct sequencing. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients were heterozygous for the 1646G>A mutation (FH Genoa) in exon 11 and 9 patients were heterozygous for the 81T>C mutation in exon 2 of the LDLR gene. CONCLUSIONS: This report describes two LDLR gene mutations accounting for FH in Albania (1646G>A, 81T>C).
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
URI: https://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/23173
ISSN: 1896-9151
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22371747
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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