The role of Fas-mediated apoptosis in thyroid disease (Journal article)

Andrikoula, M./ Tsatsoulis, A.

Recent evidence has emphasized the importance of apoptosis in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis and the pathogenesis of malignant and immune diseases. Autoimmune thyroid diseases such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease, as well as other autoimmune endocrine diseases, have been associated with dysregulation of apoptotic signaling pathways. In particular, dysfunction of the Fas apoptotic pathway or production of soluble factors including soluble Fas and soluble Fas ligand may be involved in the pathogenesis of these disorders. On the other hand, malignant thyroid cells may avoid Fas-mediated suicide possibly by expression of inhibitors of apoptosis and evade the immune system by inducing apoptosis on infiltrating lymphocytes. The delicate balance between cell proliferation and cell death through the Fas pathway may also play an important role in the control of thyroid cell mass and goitrogenesis. This review analyzes the current evidence on the role of Fas-mediated apoptosis in the pathogenesis of thyroid diseases including Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Graves' disease, thyroid cancer and goiter. However, the exact mechanisms involved in the regulation of apoptosis in thyroid disease remain unclear. Further investigation is needed.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Animals,Antigens, CD95/*physiology,Apoptosis/*physiology,Humans,Thyroid Diseases/*pathology
ISSN: 0804-4643
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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