Comparison of the efficacy of atorvastatin and micronized fenofibrate in the treatment of mixed hyperlipidemia (Journal article)

Bairaktari, E. T./ Tzallas, C. S./ Tsimihodimos, V. K./ Liberopoulos, E. N./ Miltiadous, G. A./ Elisaf, M. S.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the influences of micronized fenofibrate and atorvastatin on serum lipid profile, including lipoprotein(a) levels, and on fibrinogen levels in a large group of patients with primary mixed hyperlipidemia (serum total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels > 240 and 160 mg/dl, respectively, and serum triglyceride level > 200 mg/dl). METHODS: This was a 16-week, open-label, parallel-design study conducted in our lipid clinic. After a 6-week dietary baseline phase, we implemented a treatment phase, during which patients received 10 mg/day atorvastatin (n = 45) or 200 mg/day micronized fenofibrate (n = 46) for 16 weeks. Patients were assigned to one of the drugs in sequential orders. Serum lipid profiles, including levels of lipoprotein(a) and fibrinogen, as well as muscle and liver enzymes, were measured during screening, and during weeks -4, -2, 0, 8, and 16 of the treatment period. RESULTS: Atorvastatin was more effective than was micronized fenofibrate at lowering levels of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, whereas fenofibrate was more effective at lowering levels of triglycerides, and raising levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein A1. However, micronized fenofibrate could significantly decrease plasma fibrinogen levels, whereas atorvastatin evoked a small increase. CONCLUSION: Both atorvastatin in small doses and micronized fenofibrate are effective for improving serum lipid profiles of patients with mixed hyperlipidemia. However, there are considerable differences between the two drugs concerning their influences on plasma fibrinogen levels.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Adolescent,Adult,Aged,Biological Markers/blood,Cholesterol, HDL/blood,Cholesterol, LDL/blood,Female,Fenofibrate/*therapeutic use,Fibrinogen/metabolism,Follow-Up Studies,Heptanoic Acids/*therapeutic use,Humans,Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/*therapeutic use,Hyperlipidemias/blood/*drug therapy,Hypolipidemic Agents/*therapeutic use,Lipoprotein(a)/blood,Male,Middle Aged,Pyrroles/*therapeutic use,Treatment Outcome,Triglycerides/blood
ISSN: 1350-6277
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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