Correlation of matrix metalloproteinases-1 and -3 with patient age and grade of lumbar disc herniation (Journal article)

Zigouris, A./ Batistatou, A./ Alexiou, G. A./ Pachatouridis, D./ Mihos, E./ Drosos, D./ Fotakopoulos, G./ Doukas, M./ Voulgaris, S./ Kyritsis, A. P.


OBJECT: The authors studied the histological alterations and the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 in disc specimens of patients who had undergone operations for lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Forty-three lumbar disc specimens were evaluated histopathologically for degenerative changes and immunohistochemical expression of MMP-1 and MMP-3. The observed degenerative changes provided a degenerative score that was applied in each patient. Sections of disc immunostained for MMP-1 and MMP-3 were evaluated semiquantitatively. Patients were categorized in 3 age groups: < 30 years, between 30 and 60 years, and > 60 years of age. The expression of MMP-1 and MMP-3 were correlated to patient's age, degenerative score, and grade of lumbar disc herniation. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in the degenerative score between the age groups. Degenerative changes were more pronounced in greater grades of herniation (p < 0.0001). In the group of patients < 30 years of age there was a significant correlation between MMP-1 and MMP-3 expression and both degenerative score and herniation grade. For the group of patients 30-60 years of age, there was no significant difference between MMP-1 expression and degenerative score, but the correlation between MMP-1 expression and grade of herniation was significant. There was a significant correlation between MMP-3 expression and both degenerative score and herniation grade. Regarding the patients > 60 years of age, there was a significant correlation between MMP-1 and MMP-3 expression and both degenerative score and herniation grade. There was a significantly lower expression of both MMP-1 and MMP-3 in the group < 30 years of age compared with the other ages. No significant correlation was found in MMP-1 and MMP-3 expression between the groups of patients who were 30-60 and > 60 years of age. Interestingly, in age groups > 30 years, there were no statistically significant differences between the expression of MMP-1 and MMP-3, whereas in patients < 30 years of age the expression of MMP-3 was significantly lower than the expression of MMP-1. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of MMP-1 and MMP-3 were strongly correlated to the age of the patients and the grade of herniation. An important finding in this study is the differential expression of MMP-1 and MMP-3 between the age groups. In the young age group it appears that deregulation of MMP-1 expression is higher than that of MMP-3 in the pathogenesis of lumbar disc herniation.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Adult,Age Factors,Aged,*Diskectomy,Female,Humans,Intervertebral Disc/*pathology,Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/*pathology/surgery,Intervertebral Disc Displacement/*pathology/surgery,Lumbar Vertebrae/*pathology/surgery,Male,Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/*analysis,Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/*analysis,Middle Aged,Statistics as Topic,Young Adult
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/22756
ISSN: 1547-5646
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21184636
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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