The role of the seminal vesicles and coagulating glands in fertilization in the rat (Journal article)

Sofikitis, N./ Takahashi, C./ Kadowaki, H./ Okazaki, T./ Shimamoto, T./ Nakamura, I./ Miyagawa, I.

To investigate the role of the seminal vesicles (SV) and coagulating glands (CG) in fertilization in the rat, partial resections of the SV (25%--group B), 50%--group C, and 75%--group D) or bilateral resection of the SV alone (100%--group E), or together with the CG (group F) were undertaken. In other groups, bilateral resection of the CG only (group G), or bilateral resection of the CG with ipsilateral SV resection (group H) were performed. A group of sham-operated rats served as controls (group A). There were no significant differences among groups A, B, C and D in the number of fertile rats post-operatively but significant differences were evident in groups E, F, G, H when compared with the control group (P less than 0.01 for all groups). Only the fertile rats were able to form copulatory plugs (CP) post-operatively. Bilateral ligation of the SV ducts was performed in ten fertile rats. Post-operatively, the proportion of fertile rats was decreased significantly (P less than 0.01). Removal of the ligatures resulted in a significant increase (P less than 0.01) in fertility. It was also demonstrated that the addition of rat seminal vesicular secretions (SVS) to epididymal sperm suspensions resulted in a significant decrease (P less than 0.001) in sperm motility. These results suggest that the SV and CG are necessary for fertility in rats, and that one role of SVS is the formation of a CP and not the maintenance of sperm motility.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Animals,Female,Fertilization/*physiology,Genitalia, Male/*physiology/surgery,Male,Pregnancy,Rats,Rats, Inbred Strains,Seminal Vesicles/*physiology/surgery,Sperm Motility/physiology
ISSN: 0105-6263
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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