Diarrheic shellfish poisoning due to toxic mussel consumption: the first recorded outbreak in Greece (Journal article)

Economou, V./ Papadopoulou, C./ Brett, M./ Kansouzidou, A./ Charalabopoulos, K./ Filioussis, G./ Seferiadis, K.

During the week of 14-20 January 2000, 120 people visited the Emergency Departments of hospitals in Thessaloniki, northern Greece, complaining of acute gastrointestinal illness after eating mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis). The symptoms indicated diarrhoeic shellfish poisoning, and the toxicity of mussels harvested from Thermaikos Gulf in Thessaloniki during the outbreak was investigated using mouse bioassays. The bioassays revealed toxicity to mice by the mussel samples; while high numbers of toxic algae Dinophysis acuminata were identified in water samples from Thermaikos Gulf. The harvesting of mussels was immediately suspended and a monitoring programme for algal blooms was established from then onwards. During a follow-up of the mussels' toxicity from January 2000 to January 2005, two more mussel samples were found positive for diarrheic shellfish poisoning: one harvested in March 2001 from the area of the outbreak (Thermaikos Gulf) and the other harvested in January 2001 from Amvrakikos Gulf in north-western Greece. However, no sporadic cases or outbreaks were reported during this period.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Animals,Biological Assay/methods,Bivalvia/*chemistry,Diarrhea/*epidemiology/etiology,*Disease Outbreaks,Eukaryota/isolation & purification,Food Contamination/*analysis,Foodborne Diseases/epidemiology/etiology,Greece/epidemiology,Humans,Marine Toxins/analysis/toxicity,Mice,Mice, Inbred BALB C,*Shellfish Poisoning
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/22505
ISSN: 0265-203X
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17364933
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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