Weekly docetaxel in minimally pretreated cancer patients: a dose-escalation study focused on feasibility and cumulative toxicity of long-term administration (Journal article)

Briasoulis, E./ Karavasilis, V./ Anastasopoulos, D./ Tzamakou, E./ Fountzilas, G./ Rammou, D./ Kostadima, V./ Pavlidis, N.

BACKGROUND: Docetaxel is an agent with impressive clinical activity but a rather poor profile of toxicity when given every three weeks. Therefore, optimisation of its clinical use is highly warranted. This is a dose-escalation study of weekly docetaxel particularly focused on the feasibility of long-term administration and characterisation of cumulative toxicity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients (11 female/15 male, median age 56, range 23-73) were treated over the range of 25-50 mg/m2/week. Dose-limiting toxicity for this schedule was defined as any grade > 2 antiproliferative toxic effect resulting in a > 2-week delay for re-administration of the drug, or any grade > 2 organ-specific toxicity. Patients were monitored clinically and electrophysiologically for neurotoxicity. No prolonged corticosteroid co-medication or prophylactic haematopoietic growth factors were given. RESULTS: A median/mean number of 8.5/8.7 consecutive weekly courses were given per patient. The maximum tolerated dose that prevented on-schedule administration of the drug was 50 mg/m2. The main cumulative toxicities were a mild fluid retention and dacryorrhea which became evident as the number of treatment courses increased. Grade 2 alopecia and fatigue were observed only at 45 mg/m2 and higher. Activity was seen at all of the dose levels studied. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term weekly administration of docetaxel is feasible at doses up to 45 mg/m2/week with acceptable toxicity. Further clinical evaluation is justified at this schedule and 40 mg/m2/week of docetaxel is proposed for phase II studies as an active dose with minimal toxicity.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Adult,Aged,Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/*administration & dosage/adverse,effects/therapeutic use,Dose-Response Relationship, Drug,Drug Administration Schedule,Feasibility Studies,Female,Humans,Male,Middle Aged,Neoplasms/drug therapy,Paclitaxel/administration & dosage/adverse effects/*analogs &,derivatives/therapeutic use,*Taxoids
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/22498
ISSN: 0923-7534
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10442193
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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