Down-regulation of cathepsin B expression impairs the invasive and tumorigenic potential of human glioblastoma cells (Journal article)

Mohanam, S./ Jasti, S. L./ Kondraganti, S. R./ Chandrasekar, N./ Lakka, S. S./ Kin, Y./ Fuller, G. N./ Yung, A. W./ Kyritsis, A. P./ Dinh, D. H./ Olivero, W. C./ Gujrati, M./ Ali-Osman, F./ Rao, J. S.


Increases in abundance of cathepsin B transcript and protein correlate with increases in tumor grade and alterations in subcellular localization and activity of cathepsin B. The enzyme is able to degrade the components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and activate other proteases capable of degrading ECM. To investigate the role played by this protease in the invasion of brain tumor cells, we transfected SNB19 human glioblastoma cells with a plasmid containing cathepsin B cDNA in antisense orientation. Control cells were transfected with vector alone. Clones expressing antisense cathepsin B cDNA exhibited significant reductions in cathepsin B mRNA, enzyme activity and protein compared to controls. Matrigel Invasion assay showed that the antisense-transfected cells had a markedly diminished invasiveness compared with controls. When tumor spheroids containing antisense transfected SNB19 cells expressing reduced cathepsin B were co-cultured with fetal rat brain aggregates, invasion of fetal rat brain aggregates was significantly reduced. Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) expressing parental cells and antisense transfectants were generated for detection in mouse brain tissue without any post-chemical treatment. Intracerebral injection of SNB19 stable antisense transfectants resulted in reduced tumor formation in nude mice. These results strongly support a role for cathepsin B in the invasiveness of human glioblastoma cells and suggest cathepsin B antisense may prove useful in cancer therapy.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Animals,Blotting, Northern/methods,Blotting, Western/methods,Brain/pathology,Brain Neoplasms/*pathology,Cathepsin B/genetics/metabolism/*physiology,*Down-Regulation,Gene Expression,Glioblastoma/*pathology,Humans,Injections,Mice,Mice, Nude,*Neoplasm Invasiveness,Neoplasm Transplantation,RNA, Messenger,Rats,Rats, Sprague-Dawley,Spheroids, Cellular/pathology,Transfection,Tumor Cells, Cultured
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/22341
ISSN: 0950-9232
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11439329
http://www.nature.com/onc/journal/v20/n28/pdf/1204480a.pdf
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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